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Alfred O.C. Nier Papers, 1930-1996

Summary Information
Title: Alfred O.C. Nier papers
Dates: 1930-1996
Creator: Nier, Alfred O. (Alfred Otto), 1911-
Extent: 39 boxes Extent: (39 cubic feet)
Language: English
Collection Number: uarc 999
Abstract:
The collection consists of correspondence, research data, instrument designs, conference papers and reports, talks and lectures, and class materials of Alfred O. C. Nier, University of Minnesota physicist best known for his work in mass spectrometer design, the Manhattan Project, and space science research.

Repository: University of Minnesota Libraries. University of Minnesota Archives

Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

Donated to University of Minnesota Archives by A.O.C. Nier, the Nier family, and the University of Minnesota Department of Physics.

Access Restrictions:

Items in this collection do not circulate and may be used in-house only.

Copyright:

Researchers may quote from the collection under the fair use provision of the copyright law (Title 17, U.S. Code). Requests to publish should be arranged with the University of Minnesota Archives.

Processing Information:

Collection processed by Carol E. Jenson with funds granted by the Center for the History of Physics, American Institute of Physics.

Preferred Citation:

Alfred O. C. Nier papers, University Archives, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities.


Arrangement

The Nier Collection contains a variety of materials, which are arranged into the following series:

  • Correspondence
  • Student period, 1930-1936
  • Harvard postdoctoral period, 1936-1938
  • Age of the Earth
  • Patent materials
  • Mass spectrometer designs and studies
  • Space research
  • Personal
  • University of Minnesota
  • General
  • Notebooks
  • Class materials
  • Lectures and talks
  • Slides
  • Photographs and negatives
  • Data, Oversize

Because of the extensive nature of the collection a number of subjects appear in more than one section. A careful perusal of the folder lists is recommended to guard against missing crucial components. In nearly every case the folder titles are Nier's original titles with dates added.


Biographical Sketch of Alfred O. C. Nier (1911-1994)

Alfred Otto Carl Nier, world-renown physicist and scientific instrument designer, was born in St. Paul, Minnesota, on May 28, 1911. The son of German immigrants, he became interested in science at an early age and experimented with radios during his years as a student at Humboldt High School where he graduated in 1927.

With the exception of two brief periods totaling less than five years, Nier spent his entire career at the University of Minnesota. He enrolled in 1927 at the age of sixteen and received a B. S. Degree in electrical engineering in 1931. Nier commuted to the University on the street car, traveling from the far side of St. Paul. In his sophomore year he was singled out by Physics Department chair Henry Erikson after Nier scored one hundred percent on his first three physics quizzes. In the poor employment environment of the Great Depression, Nier opted for graduate school and received a M. S. in electrical engineering in 1933 and a Ph. D. in physics in 1936.

The modest Nier always maintained that he was often "...at the right place at the right time." While a doctoral student he worked as a teaching assistant and came under the tutelage of Professor John Tate, nationally-known physicist and editor of The Physics Review. Nier began working with an early version of the mass spectrometer, the instrument that became the essence of his professional life. He incorporated the work that had gone before him and created the highest resolution instrument anywhere in the world. From this point on Nier dominated the field of mass spectrometry until his death in 1994. His doctoral work led him to the first quantitative measurement of argon isotopes and to the discovery of the potassium 40 isotope in the spring of 1935.

The potassium discovery was significant in his receiving a two-year National Research Council post doctoral fellowship which he carried out at Harvard University. There Nier continued to work with the mass spectrometer and abundance of isotopes research. He was particularly interested in geochronology and the decaying of uranium isotopes to form lead.

Nier returned to Minnesota in 1938 to an assistant professor appointment in the Department of Physics. Harvard allowed him to keep his mass spectrometer tubes, and he assembled a new instrument. At the American Physical Society meeting in Washington in the spring of 1939 Nier's friend, Columbia University Professor John R. Dunning, introduced him to recent Nobel Prize winner Enrico Fermi, who encouraged Nier to use his mass spectrometer in the quest to determine which uranium isotope was responsible for slow neutron fission.

When Nier had not produced any results by October, Fermi wrote Nier the now-famous letter suggesting that the mass spectrometer was "...the best way to decide the question, which is of considerable theoretical and possibly practical interest."

Nier took Fermi's advice; and on February 29, 1940, mailed to Dunning for verification the minuscule samples that demonstrated that uranium 235 was the fissionable isotope. Nier's mentor, Professor Erikson, noted this research in his journal and observed with rather incredible understatement," This gave rise to a great interest."

Nier's U235 discovery placed him within a highly-charged scientific and political atmosphere, and by the end of 1940 his work had become classified. By the summer of 1942 the University had relieved him of teaching duties so that he could concentrate on research financed by the U. S. Government's Office of Scientific Research and Development. Together with his talented technician, Rudolph (Buddy) Thorness, Nier built seven more mass spectrometers for uranium analysis and nine for hydrogen-deuterium analysis. He also designed and built four instruments to be used as helium leak detectors. One of the leak detectors became the General Electric prototype for the manufacture of hundreds of machines crucial to the Manhattan Project during World War II.

Between the summer of 1943 and the fall of 1945 Nier worked on the Manhattan Project at the Kellex Corporation in laboratories located in the vicinity of Columbia University and his friend Dunning and another well-known Manhattan Project scientist, Eugene Booth. Kellex built the gas diffusion plant at Oak Ridge, Tennessee, to collect the U235 used in the atomic bomb. Nier designed the mass spectrometers for process control at the plant.

After Nier returned to Minnesota in the fall of 1945, he assumed a heavy teaching load; but he also continued to develop mass spectrometers and to revolutionize atomic measurement. His research focused on measuring the atomic masses of most of the elements in the periodic table. He applied his instrumentation to other fields--geology, meteorology, and medicine. Together with Edgar Johnson he developed a double-focusing mass spectrometer which became famous for its Johnson-Nier geometry.

The University of Minnesota promoted Nier to full professor in 1944; and after he spent a brief period as acting chair he became Chair of the Physics Department in 1953, serving until 1965. In this role he concentrated on hiring outstanding faculty and on improving science education in the public schools. In 1965 the University appointed Nier a Regents' Professor, the highest honor bestowed upon a faculty member. Nier also participated in the University Senate and its committees. In 1966-1967 he chaired the Senate Consultative Committee in its search for a new University President. During this period he also traveled extensively, many times to laboratories in foreign countries.

During the late Fifties Nier became acquainted with Rudolph Bieri and Peter Signer, two European scientists who came to the University of Minnesota as postdoctoral researchers. They stirred Nier's interest in meteorite research. From meteorites he progressed to space science, a focus that continued for thirty-five years.. Beginning in 1960 he became active on committees of the National Academy of Sciences, Space Sciences Board. In 1964, working with the Naval Research Laboratory, he began experiments with Aerobee Rockets and developed small mass spectrometers for upper atmosphere analysis.

Nier's grants from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration led to the development of prototype instruments for the Viking Mars and Pioneer Venus missions. Under a NASA contract in the early Seventies he developed instruments and performed data processing for the Atmospheric Explorer Satellites C, D, and E.

In 1970 NASA selected Nier to head the Entry Science Team for the Viking mission to Mars. When the Viking lander set down on July 20, 1976, a Nier-designed mass spectrometer detected the presence of argon and nitrogen in the Martian atmosphere, a significant discovery of the mission. Nier also served as a member of the Molecular Analysis Team in the Viking program.

Simultaneous with his intense research activities Nier was active on several national boards. He was appointed to the National Bureau of Standards Panel for the Analytical Chemistry Division. He chaired the National Research Council Board of Fellowships and Associateships and served on the editorial board of Science, published by the American Association for the Advancement of Science. The National Academy of Sciences named Nier to chair an ad hoc committee, requested by the U. S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency. The committee operated as a workshop; and on October 4, 1975, issued its report entitled "Long-Term Worldwide Effects of Multiple Nuclear-Weapons Detonation." The cautious optimism of the report stirred considerable controversy in the press.

Nier also participated in a number of international programs including COSPAR, the Committee on Space Research established by the International Council of Scientific Unions, and COESA, the Committee on Extension of the Common Atmosphere. Working with the Atomic Weights Commission, the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC), and the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP), Nier became a principal promoter of the successful efforts to establish Carbon 12 as the common standard for measurements in chemistry and physics.

Professional memberships also demonstrate Nier's devotion to scientific endeavor. The focus of his participation varied with his changing research interests; and he became involved in a number of organizations including the American Society for Mass Spectrometry, the Geochemical Society, the Geological Society of America, the American Geophysical Union, the American Vacuum Society, Sigma XI, and the Meteoritical Society.

Nier officially retired from the University of Minnesota in 1980; but he continued a full-time research program, working closely with his assistant, Dennis Schlutter. Nier's research interests shifted once again, this time to extraterrestrial materials; and he conducted many mass spectrometer experiments to analyze interplanetary dust particles, also known as cosmic dust. He continued to maintain his many professional contacts and his attendance at conferences. Nier died on May 16, 1994, from injuries suffered in an automobile accident on the way home from his laboratory. Just a few days shy of his eighty-third birthday, he was still under contract with the Los Alamos National Laboratory. During Nier's sixty-year career his intense curiosity and persistent hard work drove him to contribute 218 publications to refereed journals and to design countless mass spectrometers.

Throughout his long career Nier collected many honors and awards. He was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1950 and to the American Philosophical Society in 1953. In 1956 the Geological Society of America awarded him its Arthur L. Day Medal for his work with geochronology. In 1959 he was elected as a Foreign Scientific Member of the Max-Planck Institute for Chemistry (Otto Hahn Institute) in West Germany. NASA honored him twice--with a Medal for Exceptional Scientific Achievement in 1977 and a posthumous Public Service Medal in 1995. In 1980 he was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and to the Royal Swedish Academy of Science. He won the Geochemical Society's Viktor M. Goldschmidt Medal in 1984, the American Chemical Society's Field and Franklin Award in 1985, the International Mass Spectrometry Conference's Thomas Medal in 1985, and the American Geophysical Union's William Bowie Medal in 1992. In 1995 the Commission on New Minerals and New Mineral Names of the International Mineralogical Association honored Nier posthumously by designating "Nierite" as a new trigonal silicon nitride.


Collection Scope and Content Note

The Nier Collection reveals the life and work of a remarkable person devoted to scientific research and propelled by insatiable curiosity. Although Nier did not devalue practical applications of scientific research, he was an enthusiastic advocate of pure science or as he often phrased it,"curiosity-based research." Nier believed that new knowledge was essential to the life of a university and that basic science was crucial to the development of industry and essential to the national defense.

Throughout a career that stretched to nearly sixty years, Nier faced a series of historical challenges which greatly affected his research: the discovery of atomic energy and the subsequent nuclear age, the necessity for grantsmanship, the advent of the computer revolution, and the adventure of space exploration. He excelled in meeting these challenges and thrived on them.

Nier's early education in electrical engineering became a crucial factor in his success in the design of precision instruments. Although Nier did not originate the concept of the mass spectrometer, he was foremost in its development, guiding it from a clumsy two-ton laboratory instrument to a miniature model carried easily on spacecraft.

Although Nier was first and foremost a physicist, his mass spectrometers quickly led to crucial intersections with other scientific fields. He himself expanded into geology to study geochronology; and his instruments assisted other researchers in medicine, pharmacology, and botany as well as chemistry and engineering. The industrial application of his instrument designs was also very significant.

In his devotion to scientific research, Nier valued his professional and personal relationships. He maintained a genuine interest in the research of others and made countless visits to laboratories, institutes, and conferences, both in the United States and abroad. He was a confident scholar who avoided even a hint of arrogance, and he truly understood the value of maintaining his correspondence and writing "Thank you" notes. He willingly shared his ideas in order to stretch the boundaries of scientific inquiry.

Nier's papers also reveal a person concerned with the historical record of scientific accomplishment. As early as the 1950's he consulted with the University of Minnesota Archives to insure the proper preservation of materials from the Department of Physics. He went to great lengths to preserve his U235 mass spectrometer in the Smithsonian Institution. He often spoke on the history of the mass spectrometer and many times wrote memorial biographies of his scholarly colleagues.

Related Material

Edward P. Ney papers

Phyllis St. Cyr Freier papers

Physics Department records

Subject Terms
Index terms
  • This collection is indexed under the following headings in the catalog of the University of Minnesota Libraries. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons or places should search the catalog using these headings.
Persons:
  • Bainbridge, Kenneth T. (Kenneth Thompkins), 1904-1996
  • Bardeen, John, 1908-
  • Baxter, Gregory Paul, 1876-
  • Bieri, R. H. (Rudolf Herman), 1923-
  • Booth, Eugene, 1940-
  • Brownlee, Donald
  • Buchta, Jay
  • Condon, Edward Uhler, 1902-1974
  • Dunning, John R. (John Ray), 1907- W.
  • Erikson, Henry A. (Henry Anton), b. 1869
  • Fermi, Enrico, 1901-1954
  • Grosse, Aristid von, 1905-
  • Hintenberger, H. (Heinrich), 1910-
  • Holmes, Arthur, 1890-1965
  • Inghram, Mark Gordon, 1919-
  • Lane, Alfred
  • Lozier, William Wallace, 1906-
  • Mattauch, Josef
  • Mauersberger, Konrad
  • Ney, Edward Purdy, 1920-
  • Nier, Alfred O. (Alfred Otto), 1911-
  • Pepin, R. O. (Robert Osborne), 1933-
  • Schlutter, Dennis
  • Signer, Peter
  • Tate, John T. (John Torrence), 1889-1950
  • Thorness, Rudolph (Buddy)
  • Urey, Harold Clayton, 1893-
  • Valasek, Joseph, 1896-
  • Van Vleck, J. H. (John Hasbrouk), 1899-
  • Williams, John Harry, 1908-
Organizations:
  • American Physical Society
  • American Society for Mass Spectrometry
  • COSPAR
  • Committee on Extension of the Standard Atmosphere
  • International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry
  • International Union of Pure and Applied Physics
  • Lunar and Planetary Science Conference
  • Max-Planck-Institut für Physik und Astrophysik
  • Meteoritical Society
  • Midwestern Universities Research Association
  • National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)
  • United States. National Aeronautical and Space Administration
  • National Bureau of Standards (U.S.). Evaluation Panel
  • National Research Council (U.S.)
  • National Science Foundation (U.S.)
  • United States. Office of Scientific Research and Development
  • Symposium on Inorganic Mass Spectrometry
  • University of Minnesota
  • Basic Sciences Foundation
  • Kellex Corporation
  • Perkin-Elmer Corporation
  • Goddard Space Flight Center
  • Harvard University
  • Jet Propulsion Laboratory (U.S.)
  • Los Alamos National Laboratory
  • Manhattan Project (Organization)
Material types:
  • Letters
  • Scientific apparatus and instruments -- Designs and plans
  • Laboratory notebooks
  • Photographs
  • Technical reports
  • Reprints (Publications)
  • Slides (Photography)
  • Speeches, addresses, etc.
  • Research (document genres)
Places:
  • Churchill (Man.)
  • Oak Ridge (Tenn.)
Subjects:
  • Aerobee rocket
  • Atmosphere -- Research
  • Radiocarbon dating
  • Cosmic dust
  • Geological time
  • Interplanetary dust
  • Leak detectors
  • Mass spectrometers
  • Meteorites
  • Nuclear energy
  • Patents
  • Teaching -- Aids and devices
  • Venus probes
  • Potassium--Isotopes--Spectra
  • Uranium--Spectra
  • Viking rocket
Detailed Contents of Collection
 Location  Title
 
Correspondence, 1937-1994. (9 boxes)  
Note The CORRESPONDENCE Section contains a large number of folders, mainly relating to the Post World War II phase of Nier's life. Most of the folder titles refer to persons, but he also filed a number of items under subject headings. The correspondence folders may also include reports, reprints, and other items related to the correspondence.
Folders are arranged alphabetically, and the items within the folder are arranged chronologically. At the end of each of alphabetical section there is a folder containing assorted correspondence for that letter, for materials that did not merit their own folder. Materials within these folders are arranged alphabetically and in turn chronologically within a given topic. Sometimes, these entries reveal a rather creative Nier logic, for example the placement of correspondence with a Canadian scientist under "A" for Alberta. If the researcher is looking for correspondence with a particular person or a particular subject these general folders should be consulted.
The Correspondence Section is particularly significant in demonstrating Nier's relationship with other scientists. The John Dunning folder (Box 2) is crucial to the story of the isolation of U235 during February and March of 1940. These are materials that were long thought to be unavailable until John R. Dunning, Jr., provided them to Nier in the fall of 1989. This folder also contains the famous Fermi Letter of October 28, 1939. Other significant correspondents include Gregory Baxter, Kenneth Bainbridge, and Arthur Holmes, all associated with Nier's work while at Harvard. Nier's exchanges with Austrian scientist Joseph Mattauch reveal a close professional and personal friendship, which lasted over several decades.
Although the majority of the correspondence is included here, other sections of the collection also include correspondence. This is particularly true of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration correspondence, found with the NASA papers in Boxes 20 and 21.
Box 1
Academic freedom, Sibley-Rosen Controversy, 1963-1964. Box 1, Folder 1
 
Accommodation Coefficient, 1964-1967. Box 1, Folder 2
 
Adcode Sensors, Rocket Flights, 1964, 1969-1970. Box 1, Folder 3
 
Aeronomy Symposium, 1965, 1968 Box 1, Folder 4
 
Aeros Satellite, 1975. Box 1, Folder 5
Note Letter and research data
 
Alberta, Universities, 1970-1971. Box 1, Folder 6
 
Aladdin Program, U.S. Air Force, 1973-1975. Box 1, Folder 6
Note Correspondence and handbook
 
Allegre and France.  
Box 1
Correspondence, 1982-1985. Box 1, Folder 7
 
Research Articles, 1973-1983. Box 1, Folder 7
 
Alexander, Collin, 1975-1979. Box 1, Folder 8
 
American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1980. Box 1, Folder 9
 
American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1968-1970. Box 1, Folder 10
Note  Science , Correspondence
 
American Chemical Society, 1985. Box 1, Folder 11
 
American Chemical Society Field and Franklin Award, 1985. 1984-1985. Box 1, Folder 12
 
American Chemical Society Symposium, September 1988, 1988-1989. Box 1, Folder 13
 
American Geophysical Union.  
Box 1
Correspondence, 1976. Box 1, Folder 14
 
Research Abstracts, 1974-1975, undated. Box 1, Folder 14
 
Correspondence, 1983-1984, 1988. Box 1, Folder 15
 
American Institute of Physics, History Project, 1976, 1988, 1991, 1993. Box 1, Folder 16
 
American Institute of Physics, Visiting Science Program, 1965-1966. Box 1, Folder 17
 
American Institute of Physics, Center for History of Physics, 1974-1987. Box 1, Folder 18
Note Correspondence and newsletters
 
American Philosophical Society, 1953-1962, 1992-1993. Box 1, Folder 19
 
American Physical Society, 1992-1993. Box 1, Folder 20
 
American Society for Mass Spectrometry, Awards Committee, 1970-1971. Box 1, Folder 21
 
American Society for Mass Spectrometry, Conference Program, May 27-June 1, 1984. Box 1, Folder 22
 
American Society for Mass Spectrometry, 1972, 1981-1989. Box 1, Folder 23
 
American Society for Mass Spectrometry, Michael Grayson Oral History Interview, 1989-1993. Box 1, Folder 24
 
American Society for Mass Spectronomy, Michael Grayson Interview, 1991. Box 1, Folder 25
Note Transcript
 
American Society for Testing Materials, Committee E-14, 1958-1961, 1967-1969. Box 1, Folder 26
Note Correspondence and conferences.
 
American Vacuum Society Interview, 1991. Box 1, Folder 27
 
Ames Laboratory Visits.  
Box 1
Notes, March 15, 1982. Box 1, Folder 28
 
Correspondence, April 1-3, 1985. Box 1, Folder 28
 
Annual review of earth and planetary sciences , 1979-1981. Box 1, Folder 29
Note Correspondence regarding manuscript
 
Anomalous Mercury Research, 1982-1988. Box 1, Folder 30
 
Argon in Martian Atmosphere, 1975. Box 1, Folder 31
 
Argon 38, 1955-1956. Box 1, Folder 32
 
Aries (Auroral Modeling Campaign), 1981-1982.  Box 1, Folder 34
Note Correspondence and reports
 
Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, Workshop on Long-Term Effects of Nuclear Weapons.  
Box 1
Correspondence and Reports I, 1974. Box 1, Folder 35
 
Correspondence and Reports II, January-September 1975. Box 1, Folder 36
 
Correspondence and Reports III, October 1975-1976, 1983. Box 1, Folder 37
 
Aspect Sensors.  
Box 1
Research Notes, 1964. Box 1, Folder 38
 
Correspondence, 1966. Box 1, Folder 38
 
Atomic Masses, International Conference, Winnipeg, 1966-1967. Box 1, Folder 39
 
Atomic Oxygen.  
Box 1
Correspondence and Reports, 1961-1970. Box 1, Folder 40
 
Research Paper, 1973. Box 1, Folder 40
 
Atomic Weights Archive, 1988-1993. Box 1, Folder 41
 
Atomic Weights, Commission on (IUPAC).  
Box 1
Reports, 1947-1981 (scattered). Box 1, Folder 42
 
Correspondence, 1961-1963. Box 1, Folder 42
 
Atmospheric Density Model, Mars, 1976-1977. Box 1, Folder 43
Note Research materials
 
Atmospheric Models, Recommendations of Task Group II, June 1975. Box 1, Folder 44
Note Report
 
A, General Correspondence, 1970-1985. Box 1, Folder 45
 
Bainbridge, Kenneth T., 1955, 1973, 1979-1992. Box 2, Folder 1
 
Barber, Robert C., 1970-1973. Box 2, Folder 2
Note Correspondence and manuscript
 
Barnes, Ross, 1985-1987. Box 2, Folder 3
Note Correspondence, reprints, manuscripts
 
Bauer, Carl A., 1959-1963. Box 2, Folder 4
 
Baxter, Gregory, 1985. Box 2, Folder 5
Note Correspondence regarding
 
Bernas, Rene, 1959-1969. Box 2, Folder 6
 
Beynon, John, 1977-1981, 1987-1989. Box 2, Folder 7
Note Correspondence and reprints
 
Bhanot, V.B., 1963-1991. Box 2, Folder 8
 
Bieri, Rodolf, 1958-1959, 1965, 1967, 1989. Box 2, Folder 9
Note Correspondence and manuscripts
 
Bleakney, Walker, 1968, 1985-1991. Box 2, Folder 10
 
Breeder Reactor Study, 1981-1982. Box 2, Folder 11
 
Brush, Stephen, 1986. Box 2, Folder 12
 
Buchta, J.W., 1942, 1943-1966. Box 2, Folder 13
 
Bulletin of Atomic Scientists , 1975, 1991-1992. Box 2, Folder 14
 
B, General Correspondence, 1955-1994. Box 2, Folder 15
 
Cameron, Angus E., 1959-1981. Box 2, Folder 16
 
Canadian Symposium on Planetary Atmospheres, 1977. Box 2, Folder 17
 
Carbon 13 and Oxygen 18 Separation, 1947-1950. Box 2, Folder 18
 
Carnegie Institution, 1976-1983. Box 2, Folder 19
Note Correspondence and reports
 
Central Research Laboratories, Red Wing, MN, 1956, 1979. Box 2, Folder 20
 
Cheston, Warren B., 1958-1965. Box 2, Folder 21
 
Cloud, Preston, 1982-1983. Box 2, Folder 22
 
Comet Proposal, 1977. Box 2, Folder 23
Note Jet Propulsion Laboratory
 
Committee on Extension to the Standard Atmosphere (COESA), Task Group II, 1971-1973. Box 2, Folder 24
Note Correspondence and reports
 
Community Resources Pool, 1986-1987. Box 2, Folder 25
 
Consolidated Electrodynamics Corporation.  
Box 2
Correspondence, 1949-1965.  Box 2, Folder 26
 
Photographs, 1948. Box 2, Folder 26
 
Continental Classroom, 1959. Box 2, Folder 27
Note Lesson plan
 
COSPAR Conferences.  
Box 2
Correspondence, 1967-1968. Box 2, Folder 28
 
Program and Notes, 1971. Box 2, Folder 28
 
Correspondence and Notes, 1972, 1973, 1977, 1978. Box 2, Folder 29
 
C, General Correspondence, 1974-1993. Box 2, Folder 30
 
DeLaeter, John R., 1982-1993. Box 2, Folder 31
Note Correspondence and reprints
 
Dietz, Leonard A., 1990. Box 2, Folder 32
 
Dosso, Laure, 1984-1986. Box 2, Folder 33
 
Dunning, John R., 1938-1965, 1968, 1989. Box 2, Folder 34
 
D, General Correspondence, 1975-1978. Box 2, Folder 35
Box 3
Electron Multipliers, 1960-1971, 1978-1981. Box 3, Folder 1
 
Encyclopedia of Physics , 1988-1991. Box 3, Folder 2
 
Erikson, Henry Jr., 1990-1991, undated. Box 3, Folder 3
Note Correspondence, Erickson Memorial Lecture, Miscellaneous
 
Europe, 1956-1966, 1974-1975, 1988.  Box 3, Folder 4-16
Note Article
 
Ewald, Heinz, 1987-1989. Box 3, Folder 17
 
E, General Correspondence, 1965-1994. Box 3, Folder 18
 
Fallout Shelters, 1961. Box 3, Folder 19
 
Fast Atom Bombardment, 1981. Box 3, Folder 20
Note Correspondence and slides
 
Faul, Henry, 1976-1978. Box 3, Folder 21
 
Fennessey, Paul, 1989-1990. Box 3, Folder 22
 
Fisher, Thomas E., 1965-1970. Box 3, Folder 23
 
Ford Foundation Meteorology Grant, 1959-1967. Box 3, Folder 24
 
Freeman, John, 1971-1973. Box 3, Folder 25
Note Articles on mass spectrometers and lunar ions.
 
F, General Correspondence, 1975-1992. Box 3, Folder 26
 
Galileo Electro-Optics Corporation, 1981. Box 3, Folder 27
Note Correspondence (Orders)
 
General Research Corporation, 1985-1987. Box 3, Folder 28
 
Geochemical Society, V.M. Goldschmidt Award, 1984-1985. Box 3, Folder 29
 
Geological Age--Lead Related.  
Box 3
Correspondence, 1937-1941. Box 3, Folder 30
 
Notes and reprints, 1952-1965. Box 3, Folder 31
 
Geological Society of America, 1966-1967. Box 3, Folder 32
 
Goddard Space Center, 1981. Box 3, Folder 33
Note Letter and drawing
 
Goel, P.S., 1985-1989. Box 3, Folder 34
 
Goldich, Sam, 1965-1989. Box 3, Folder 35
 
Gorham, Eville, 1988. Box 3, Folder 36
Note Letter and draft of manuscript
 
Griffin, Charles, 1974-1978. Box 3, Folder 37
 
Grosse, Aristide G., 1969-1975. Box 3, Folder 38
 
G, General Correspondence, 1955-1986, 1990, 1992. Box 3, Folder 39
 
Hagstrum, Homer D.  
Box 3
Reprints, 194. Box 3, Folder 40
 
Correspondence, 1951-1986. Box 3, Folder 40
 
Halverson, Justin, 1985. Box 3, Folder 41
 
Helium 3, 1953-1956. Box 3, Folder 42
 
Henderson, E.P., 1948, 1953-1963. Box 3, Folder 43
 
Higatsberger, Michael J., 1969-1978, 1991. Box 3, Folder 44
 
Hintenberger, Heinrich, 1975-1976, 1990. Box 3, Folder 45
 
Hintenberger Symposium, February 13, 1985, 1984-1985. Box 3, Folder 46
 
Hipple, John, 1940-1972. Box 3, Folder 47
 
Hoffman, John H., 1992-1993. Box 3, Folder 48
 
Holden, Norman, 1985-1986. Box 3, Folder 49
 
Holmes, Arthur.  
Box 3
Correspondence, 1938-1960. Box 3, Folder 50
 
Reprints, 1937-1962. Box 3, Folder 51
 
Honig, Richard E.  
Box 3
Reprints and Nier notes, 1945-1947. Box 3, Folder 52
 
Correspondence, 1972, 1983, 1989. Box 3, Folder 52
 
Houtermans, F.G., 1948-1949. Box 3, Folder 53
 
H, General Correspondence, 1948-1993. Box 3, Folder 54
Box 4
Inauguration, O. Meredith Wilson, February 23, 1961. Box 4, Folder 1
Note Correspondence and mementos
 
Inghram, Mark, 1946-1953. Box 4, Folder 2
 
International Conference on Geochronology, Cosmochronology, and Isotope Geology (ICOG), 1976, 1978-1984, 1993-1994. Box 4, Folder 3
 
International Journal of Mass Spectrometry , 1969, 1990-1991. Box 4, Folder 4
Note Correspondence and article
 
International Science and Engineering Fair, May 4-10, 1980. Box 4, Folder 5
 
International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics, 1979-1980. Box 4, Folder 6
Note Correspondence, manuscript, and data
 
International Union of Pure and Applied Physics, 1955-1961. Box 4, Folder 7
Note Plans for Mass Spectrometer Conference, Correspondence
 
Interplanetary Dust Particles.  
Box 4
Correspondence, 1991-1992. Box 4, Folder 8
 
Donald Brownlee, 1985-1993. Box 4, Folder 9
 
George Flynn, 1992-1993. Box 4, Folder 10
 
John Bradlee, 1993. Box 4, Folder 11
 
Michael Maurette, 1991-1992. Box 4, Folder 12
Note Correspondence and reprints
 
Kathie Thomas, 1992-1994. Box 4, Folder 13
 
Inter-Union Commission on Solar-Terrestrial Physics (IUCSTP), Working Group on Basic Structure of Upper Atmosphere, 1968-1969, 1971. Box 4, Folder 14
 
Inter-Union Commission on Solar-Terrestrial Physics, Working Group on Ion Chemistry, 1968-1971. Box 4, Folder 15
Note Correspondence and reprints
 
Iowa Visiting Committee, 1973-1974. Box 4, Folder 16
 
Isotope Abundance Measurements, 1955-1957, 1983-1987. Box 4, Folder 17
Note Correspondence and reprints
 
Isotopic Standards, 1953-1959. Box 4, Folder 18
 
I, General Correspondence, 1973, 1975, 1987. Box 4, Folder 19
 
Japanese Conference on Mass Spectroscopy, September 8-9, 1969, 1969. Box 4, Folder 20
 
Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Correspondence and Reports, 1961-1978.  Box 4, Folder 21-23
 
Johnson, Francis, 1967. Box 4, Folder 24
 
Jones, Steven, 1986-1989. Box 4, Folder 25
Note Correspondence, clippings, reprints
 
Journal of Geophysical Research .  
Box 4
Correspondence and Article, 1986. Box 4, Folder 26
 
Mass Spectrometer Paper Controversy, 1971-1972. Box 4, Folder 27
 
Journal of Mass Spectrometry and Ion Physics , Birthday Issue, March-April 1972. Box 4, Folder 28
 
Journal Inventory, 1964-1967. Box 4, Folder 29
 
J, General Correspondence, 1985-1992. Box 4, Folder 30
 
Keller, Kenneth, February 19, 1988. Box 4, Folder 31
Note Nier and others, letter to Regents
 
Kellex Papers, 1946-1953. Box 4, Folder 32
 
Knapp, Daniel R., 1981-1982. Box 4, Folder 33
 
Kouvo, Olavi, 1966-1967. Box 4, Folder 34
 
Kuhlman, John H., 90th Birthday Dinner, 1983. Box 4, Folder 35
 
K, General Correspondence, 1946-1992. Box 4, Folder 36
 
Lafferty, James M., 1985. Box 4, Folder 37
 
Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, 1983-1984. Box 4, Folder 38
 
Litton Industries, 1974-1975. Box 4, Folder 39
 
Los Alamos, Ion Source Development, 1985, 1990-1993. Box 4, Folder 40
Note Research materials and correspondence
 
Los Alamos, Isotope and Geochemistry Group, 1985-1993. Box 4, Folder 41
 
Los Alamos, Consulting, 1986-1994. Box 4, Folder 42
 
Los Alamos Visit, 1976-1977. Box 4, Folder 43
Box 5
Lu, Hoff, 1941, 1979-1981. Box 5, Folder 1
 
Lunar Exploration, Summer Study.  
Box 5
Correspondence, 1967-1968. Box 5, Folder 2
 
Selected Abstracts, July-August 1967. Box 5, Folder 3
 
Conference Papers, July-August 1967. Box 5, Folder 4
 
Reprints, 1960-1969. Box 5, Folder 4
 
Lunar Exploration, 1961-1969. Box 5, Folder 5
Note Research notes
 
Lunar and Planetary Institute, 1984-1986. Box 5, Folder 6
 
Lunar Studies, 1965-1971. Box 5, Folder 7
 
L, General Correspondence, 1974-1992. Box 5, Folder 8
 
Mack Lecture, 1980-1981. Box 5, Folder 9
 
Magnetic Resonance Research, 1949-1950. Box 5, Folder 10
Note Diagrams
 
Magnetometers, 1965. Box 5, Folder 11
 
Magnetosphere, Studies of by Artificial Electron Beams, 1988-1991. Box 5, Folder 12
 
Markey, Sanford P., 1976-1977. Box 5, Folder 13
 
Marov, M. Ya, 1967, 1969. Box 5, Folder 14
 
Marquit Case, 1978, 1983. Box 5, Folder 15
 
Mars 94/96 Mission, Exobiology Instruments Concepts Workshop, 1989. Box 5, Folder 16
Note Correspondence and notes
 
Martin-Marietta, 1974-1978. Box 5, Folder 17
 
Mass Spectrometer, Article for Encyclopedia of Physics , 1971, 1975-1977. Box 5, Folder 18
 
Mass Spectrometer, Ion, 1974. Box 5, Folder 19
Note Hoffman paper, data correspondence
 
Mass Spectrometers, Development of, 1952-1971 (scattered). Box 5, Folder 20
Note Notes, correspondence, papers, reprints
 
Mass Spectrometry, Bay Area, 1990-1991. Box 5, Folder 21
 
Mass Spectronomy Conference, Institute of Petroleum, April 20-21, 1950. Box 5, Folder 22
Note Report
 
Mass Spectrometry, History.  
Box 5
Correspondence, 1975, 1986-1993. Box 5, Folder 23
 
Manuscript, 1975. Box 5, Folder 23
 
Mass Spectrometry, 10th International Conference, 1984-1986. Box 5, Folder 24
Note Correspondence and abstract
 
Mass Spectroscopy, Conferences, 1967-1971, 1975. Box 5, Folder 25
Note Correspondence and programs
 
Mass Spectroscopy Group, 1969. Box 5, Folder 26
Note Local
 
Mass Spectroscopy, High Resolution, 1960, 1964, 1967. Box 5, Folder 27
 
Matsuda, H., 1986-1992. Box 5, Folder 28
 
Mattauch, Josef, 1948-1976. Box 5, Folder 29
Note Correspondence, photographs
 
Mauersberger, Konrad, 1971-1982. Box 5, Folder 30
 
Max Planck Institute fur Chemie, 1959, 1983-1988. Box 5, Folder 31
 
Mc, General Correspondence, 1950-1991. Box 5, Folder 32
 
McGraw Hill Articles, 1964-1969, 1978, 1980. Box 5, Folder 33
 
McLafferty, Fred, 1982-1989, 1991. Box 5, Folder 34
 
Meteorite Advisory Committee, Arizona State University.  
Box 5
Correspondence and Reports I, 1957-1966. Box 5, Folder 35
 
Correspondence and Reports II, 1967-1976. Box 5, Folder 36
 
Correspondence and Reports III, 1977-1988. Box 5, Folder 37
 
Meteorites, 1957-1963. Box 5, Folder 38
 
Meteorites, Critique of Paper, 1960-1961. Box 5, Folder 39
Box 6
Michigan, University of, Physics Colloquium, 1985-1986, 1989. Box 6, Folder 1
 
Midwestern Universities Research Association (MURA).  
Box 6
Correspondence and Reports I, 1963-1967-1969. Box 6, Folder 2
 
Correspondence and reports II, 1970-1972. Box 6, Folder 3
 
Minnesota Inventors Congress, 1982-1988, 1992, 1994. Box 6, Folder 4
 
Minnesota Science Museum, Board of Trustees, 1986-1990. Box 6, Folder 5
 
Molecular Oxygen.  
Box 6
Correspondence, 1964-1965, 1981. Box 6, Folder 6
 
Notes, 1979. Box 6, Folder 6
 
Morales, Pedro, 1967-1969. Box 6, Folder 7
 
Morrison, Karl F., 1961-1962. Box 6, Folder 8
 
Murphy, Daniel M., 1988-1989. Box 6, Folder 9
 
M, General Correspondence, 1956-1986. Box 6, Folder 10
 
National Academy of Sciences.  
Box 6
Correspondence, 1961-1990. Box 6, Folder 11
 
Space Science Board.  
Box 6
Correspondence I, 1960. Box 6, Folder 12
 
Correspondence and Proposals II, 1971-1974. Box 6, Folder 13
 
Rocket Research Committee.  
Box 5
Correspondence I, 1967. Box 5, Folder 14
Box 6
Correspondence II, 1968, 1974. Box 6, Folder 15
 
Report, 1969. Box 6, Folder 15
 
National Academy of Sciences, Trust Fund Committees, 1967-1970. Box 6, Folder 16
 
National Bureau of Standards, Evaluation Panel.  
Box 6
Correspondence and Reports, 1972-1974. Box 6, Folder 17
 
Correspondence, 1974-1975. Box 6, Folder 18
 
National Research Council, BFA.  
Box 6
Correspondence and Reports I, February-May 1974. Box 6, Folder 19
 
Correspondence and Reports II, June-September 1974. Box 6, Folder 20
 
Correspondence and Reports III, October 1974. Box 6, Folder 21
 
Correspondence and Reports IV, November-December 1974. Box 6, Folder 22
 
Correspondence and Reports V, January-April 1975. Box 6, Folder 23
 
Correspondence and Reports VI, May-June 1975. Box 6, Folder 24
 
Correspondence and Reports VI, July-October 1975. Box 6, Folder 25
 
Correspondence and Reports VIII, November-December 1975. Box 6, Folder 26
Box 7
Correspondence and Reports IX, January-March 1976. Box 7, Folder 1
 
Correspondence and Reports X, April-June 1976. Box 7, Folder 2
 
National Science Foundation, Grants G16834 and GP37, 1960-1965. Box 7, Folder 3
 
National Science Foundation, Mass Spectrometers in Geochemistry, 1981-1988. Box 7, Folder 4
Note Proposals, correspondence
 
National Science Foundation, Mass Spectrometers for Oceanic Surface Waters, 1988-1990. Box 7, Folder 5
Note Proposal and correspondence
 
National Science Foundation, North Dakota Committee.  
Box 7
Correspondence I, 1979. Box 7, Folder 6
 
Correspondence II, 1979-1980, 1986. Box 7, Folder 7
 
Native Metals, 1968-1969, 1988. Box 7, Folder 8
 
Neon Research, 1964. Box 7, Folder 9
 
Nerken, Albert, 1988-1994. Box 7, Folder 10
 
Ney, Edward P., 1974, 1980-1981, 1986-1987, 1989, 1991-1992. Box 7, Folder 11
Note Correspondence and clippings
 
Nieman, Hasso, 1981-1982. Box 7, Folder 12
 
Nuclear Energy Talks, 1979-1985, 1993. Box 7, Folder 13
Note Correspondence, slides, and other materials
 
Nuclear Physics, Symposium on History of, U of M, , 1976-1977. Box 7, Folder 14
 
Nuclear War, 1982, 1984. Box 7, Folder 15
 
Nuclide Corporation, 1962-1963. Box 7, Folder 16
 
Nyquist, Laurence.  
Box 7
NASA, Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, 1984-1986. Box 7, Folder 17
 
Proposal to NASA, 1985. Box 7, Folder 18
 
N, General Correspondence, 1977-1990. Box 7, Folder 19
 
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 1968-1969, 1986-1988. Box 7, Folder 20
 
Ogata, Koreichi, 1951-1963, 1967, 1970-1994. Box 7, Folder 21
Note Correspondence and reprints
 
Olinger, Chad T., 1989, 1991. Box 7, Folder 22
Note Correspondence and paper
 
Oppenheimer, Frank, Correspondence regarding, 1982. Box 7, Folder 23
 
Origin of Plasma in Earth's Neighborhood (OPEN) Announcement, 1979, 1980. Box 7, Folder 24
 
Oxygen 18 Distribution, 1950-1960. Box 7, Folder 25
Note Research notes
 
O, General Correspondence, 1955-1989. Box 7, Folder 26
 
Pellas, Paul, 1989. Box 7, Folder 27
Note Correspondence and manuscript
 
Perkin-Elmer Corporation, 1964-1970. Box 7, Folder 28
 
Phillip Morris Lecture, , June-December 1984. Box 7, Folder 29
 
Publications, 1958-1992. Box 7, Folder 30
Note Manuscripts, critiques, and correspondence
 
P, General Correspondence, 1972-1989. Box 7, Folder 31
Box 8
Rarified Gas Dynamics Symposium, Aspen, Colorado, 1975-1976. Box 8, Folder 1
 
Refereed Papers.  
Box 8
Correspondence I, 1971-1973. Box 8, Folder 2
 
Correspondence II, 1974-1981. Box 8, Folder 3
 
Rhodes, Richard, 1984-1987. Box 8, Folder 4
 
Rocket Launching Reports, Goddard Space Flight Center, September 1971, August 1972. Box 8, Folder 5
 
Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Correspondence, 1980-1993. Box 8, Folder 6-7
 
R, General Correspondence, 1962-1991. Box 8, Folder 8
 
Salton Sea Drilling Samples, 1986. Box 8, Folder 9
 
Sandia Laboratories, 1977. Box 8, Folder 10
 
Security Clearance, 1952-1986. Box 8, Folder 11
 
SIMS and FAB Mass Spectrometry Symposium, 1984. Box 8, Folder 12
 
Shepherd, William G., 1973. Box 8, Folder 13
Note Correspondence and clippings regarding his resignation
 
Sigma XI, 1964-1975. Box 8, Folder 14
 
Signer, Peter, 1965-1969, 1981-1993. Box 8, Folder 15
 
Skylight Club, 1967-1994. Box 8, Folder 16
 
Sloan (Alfred P.) Foundation, 1964-1974. Box 8, Folder 17
 
Smith, Lincoln, 1950-1956. Box 8, Folder 18
 
Smithsonian Institution, 1964-1990. Box 8, Folder 19
 
Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum, 1984-1993. Box 8, Folder 20
 
Society for Applied Spectroscopy, September 1968. Box 8, Folder 21
 
Society for Analytical Chemists of Pittsburgh Conference, 1993-1994. Box 8, Folder 22
 
Solar Wind, 1979-1985. Box 8, Folder 23
Note Correspondence and reprints
 
Space Research Opportunities, 1972-1973. Box 8, Folder 24
 
Space Science Instrumentation, 1973-1978. Box 8, Folder 25
 
Space Station, 1990, 1992. Box 8, Folder 26
 
Stevens, Charles M., 1955-1967. Box 8, Folder 27
Note Research materials and correspondence
 
Stier, Louis G., 1946, 1958-1983. Box 8, Folder 28
 
Strategic Defense Initiative (Star Wars), 1984-1987. Box 8, Folder 29
Note Reprints, correspondence, clippings
 
Suess, Hans, 1948-1949. Box 8, Folder 30
 
Symposium on Inorganic Mass Spectrometry.  
Box 8
Correspondence I and Nier Papers, 1989-1992. Box 8, Folder 31
 
Correspondence II and Nier Reports, 1993-1994. Box 8, Folder 32
 
S, General Correspondence, 1952-1993. Box 8, Folder 33
Box 9
Taconis, K.W., 1947-1949. Box 9, Folder 1
 
Target Studies, 1956-1960. Box 9, Folder 2
 
Tate, John T., 1976. Box 9, Folder 3
Note Memorials, correspondence
 
Tech Dining Club, 1953-1961. Box 9, Folder 4
Note Membership notices
 
Teltech, Technical Knowledge Service, 1990-1993. Box 9, Folder 5
 
Thermistor Nanometer, 1948-1949. Box 9, Folder 6
 
Thompson, Robert, 1969-1983. Box 9, Folder 7
 
T, General Correspondence, 1973-1987. Box 9, Folder 8
 
Union Carbide, Nuclear Division, 1970-1971, 1973. Box 9, Folder 9
 
United Aircraft Corporation, 1964. Box 9, Folder 10
 
Unified Scale for Atomic Weights and Measures, 1956-1988. Box 9, Folder 11
Note Correspondence, reprints, reports
 
Union of Concerned Scientists, 1987-1992. Box 9, Folder 12
 
U.S. Geological Survey, Isotope Geology Branch, 1984-1986. Box 9, Folder 13
 
U.S. Geological Survey, Workshop, 1988. Box 9, Folder 14
Note Correspondence and paper
 
Universities Space Research Association, 1975. Box 9, Folder 15
 
Upjohn Visit, 1975. Box 9, Folder 16
 
Urey, Harold, 1957, 1961, 1981. Box 9, Folder 17
 
U.R.S.I. Sub-Group 8, 1968-1969. Box 9, Folder 18
Note 1968-1969.
 
Valasek, Joseph, 1970, 1982-1983. Box 9, Folder 19
 
VanVleck, John H., Correspondence regarding, 1966, 1977, 1980-1987. Box 9, Folder 20
 
VonZahn, Ulf, 1964-1981. Box 9, Folder 21
 
Voshage, Hans, Correspondence regarding, 1971. Box 9, Folder 22
 
V, General Correspondence, 1968-1985. Box 9, Folder 23
 
Wanke, H., 1966. Box 9, Folder 24
 
Wasserburg, Gerald J., 1974, 1979, 1986-1990. Box 9, Folder 25
 
Wasserburg, G.J., Conference to Honor, 1986-1987. Box 9, Folder 26
 
White, Fred, 1963-1983. Box 9, Folder 27
 
Wind Power, 1991-1992. Box 9, Folder 28
Note Letter and clippings
 
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute, Nier Talk on Spectrometry, 1984. Box 9, Folder 29
 
W, General Correspondence, undated. Box 9, Folder 30
 
X and Y, General Correspondence, undated. Box 9, Folder 31
 
Z, General Correspondence, 1975-1993. Box 9, Folder 32
 
Student Period, 1930-1936. (1 box)  
Note Materials which trace the course of Nier's life during his undergraduate student days; arranged chronologically.
Box 10
Physics, Nier Student Exam, undated. Box 10, Folder 1
 
Physics, Theoretical; Student Notes, Fall 1930, Spring 1931. Box 10, Folder 2
 
Physics, Theoretical; Student Notes, Winter 1931-1932, Spring 1932. Box 10, Folder 3
 
Physics, Vector Analysis; Student Notes, Summer 1931. Box 10, Folder 4
 
Physics, X-Rays; Student Report, Summer 1931. Box 10, Folder 5
 
Physics, Functions of a Complex Variable; Student Notes, Fall 1931, Spring 1933. Box 10, Folder 6
 
Physics, Topics in Mathematical Analysis; Student Notes, Fall-Spring, 1931-1932. Box 10, Folder 7
 
Physics, Electrodynamics; Student Notes, 1932-1933. Box 10, Folder 8
 
Physics, Theory of Functions of a Real Variable; Student Notes, 1932-1933. Box 10, Folder 9
 
Physics, Contemporary Experimental; Student Notes, 1932-1933. Box 10, Folder 10
 
Physics, Advanced Dynamics; Student Notes, Fall 1932. Box 10, Folder 11
 
Physics, Elasticity and Hydrodynamics; Student Notes, Fall 1932-Winter 1933. Box 10, Folder 12
 
Physics, Functions of a Real and Complex Variable; Student Notes, Fall 1932. Box 10, Folder 13
 
Nier, A.O.C.; Master's Thesis, 1933. Box 10, Folder 14
 
Physics, "Cont. Exp."; Student Notes, 1933-1934. Box 10, Folder 15
 
Physics, Quantum Mechanics; Student Notes, 1933-1934. Box 10, Folder 16
 
Physics, Advanced Theoretical, Spring 1934. Box 10, Folder 17
 
"A Mass Spectrum Analysis of Ionization" , Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Minnesota, 1934. Box 10, Folder 18
 
University of Minnesota, 1934-1935. Box 10, Folder 19
Note Research data, diagram, graphs, notes
 
"HCI Nier and Hanson" , Research Data, undated, 1935.  Box 10, Folder 20
 
Physics, Matrices and Groups; Student Notes, 1935. Box 10, Folder 21
 
"C12 Nier and Hanson" , Student Research, circa 1935.  Box 10, Folder 22
 
Potassium and Other Elements, Student Research Data, undated, 1935.  Box 10, Folder 23
Note Probably for Ph.D. Dissertation
 
Mass Spectronomy, Nier Calculations, circa 1930s.  Box 10, Folder 24
 
Student Years, Correspondence, 1935-1936. Box 10, Folder 25
 
Nier, A.O.C., Ph.D. Thesis, 1936. Box 10, Folder 26
 
Harvard Postdoctoral Period, 1936-1938. (8 folders)  
Note Materials which trace the course of Nier's life and development into a space scientist.
Box 11
Harvard, Research Data, undated, 1936-1938. Box 11, Folder 1-3, 5
 
Atomic Energy Commission, Patent Lawsuit, 1958-1975. Box 11, Folder 4
Note Correspondence and clippings
 
Harvard Data, Calculations, undated, 1938.  Box 11, Folder 6
 
Magnet, Nier; Drawings, circa 1938.  Box 11, Folder 7
 
Nier, Reprints, 1940-1948. Box 11, Folder 8
 
Age of the Earth, 1937-1989. (6 folders)  
Note Includes studies that began while Nier was at Harvard. Of particular note is his correspondence with geologist Alfred Lane, found in the folder titled "Geochronology, Lead Samples," in Box 11. Series arranged alphabetically.
 
Geochronology.  
Box 11
Lead Samples, 1940-1941, 1952. Box 11, Folder 9-10
Note Correspondence and research
 
Radioactive Dating, 1987. Box 11, Folder 11
Note Talk and visual aids
 
Research and Talks, 1952, 1957, 1982. Box 11, Folder 12
 
Geological Age, Correspondence, 1941-1952. Box 11, Folder 13
 
Josephinite, Reports and Reprints, 1975-1989. Box 11, Folder 14
 
Patent materials, 1926-1965. (9 folders)  
Note Materials are arranged alphabetically. Reveals a complex tangle, demonstrating the interaction of science and law complicated by wartime security and dangerous materials. A concise explanation of much of the situation is found in a letter from Nier to University of Minnesota President James Morrill, June 20, 1950. It is filed in the "Basic Sciences Foundation, Correspondence" folder, found in Box 11, folder 20.
Box 11
Atomic Energy Patents, 1942-1965. Box 11, Folder 15-17
Note Correspondence and legal documents
 
Atomic Energy Patents, Other Related Patents, 1926-1947. Box 11, Folder 18
 
Atomic Energy Royalties, Correspondence, 1947-1951. Box 11, Folder 19
 
Basic Science Foundation, Correspondence, 1944-1954, 1956-1967. Box 11, Folder 20-21
 
Post World War II Patents, Correspondence, 1947-1951. Box 11, Folder 22
 
World War II Contracts, Correspondence, 1940-1944. Box 11, Folder 23
 
Mass Spectrometer Designs and Studies, 1945-1987. (1 box)  
Note Materials arranged alphabetically. During his long career Nier and his University of Minnesota Physics Department laboratory assistants produced a large number of designs and drawings of proposed mass spectrometers.
Box 12
Electronic Circuits; Diagrams, 1964-1973. Box 12, Folder 1
 
Magnets, Permanent Designs, 1969-1972. Box 12, Folder 2
Note Correspondence, reports, drawings
 
Magnets, Rare Earth; Designs and Notes, 1972-1978. Box 12, Folder 3
 
Mass Spectrometer.  
Box 12
5554 Proposal, April 1982. Box 12, Folder 4
Note Graphs, diagrams
 
Beam Scattering, Drawings, undated, 1978. Box 12, Folder 5
 
Beam Stand, undated, 1974. Box 12, Folder 6
Note Graphs, drawings, photos
 
Design; Notes and Calculations, 1968, 1969. Box 12, Folder 7
 
Designs; Drawings, 1945-1946. Box 12, Folder 8
 
Designs; Drawings, undated 1968, 1971, 1972, 1978. Box 12, Folder 9
 
Double Focusing.  
Box 12
Calculations, 1960. Box 12, Folder 10
 
Correspondence, 1970. Box 12, Folder 10
 
Gas Chromatography.  
Box 12
Drawings, 1972. Box 12, Folder 11-13
 
Drawings, August 13, 1973. Box 12, Folder 14
 
Drawings, August 14, 1973. Box 12, Folder 15-16
 
Laboratory Studies, undated, 1974, 1980, 1981. Box 12, Folder 17-18
Note Drawings, graphs, photos
 
Minmass, Diagrams and Photos, undated, 1981, 1983, 1985, 1987. Box 12, Folder 19
 
Miscellaneous, undated, 1973, 1974. Box 12, Folder 20-21
Note Graphs, charts, photos, drawings, negatives
 
1 Inch and 1.5. Inch, Photographs, undated. Box 12, Folder 22
 
Original Small Double Focus Instrument; Drawings, 1959-1961. Box 12, Folder 23
 
Planetary Beam, undated, 1982-1983. Box 12, Folder 24
Note Notes, drawings, calculations
 
Rare Gas Source, Drawings, 1974, 1979, 1983. Box 12, Folder 25
 
DAD; Graphs, Photos, undated. Box 12, Folder 26
 
Rare Gas 3.75 Inch; Drawings, 1974-1986. Box 12, Folder 27-28
 
Stratosphere, undated. Box 12, Folder 29
Note Correspondence, proposal, drawing
 
3.75 Inch, Drawings, 1982-1982. Box 12, Folder 30
 
2.5 Inch.  
 
Channel Plate.  
Box 12
Photo, undated. Box 12, Folder 31
 
Drawings, 1981-1982. Box 12, Folder 31
 
Drawings, 1977-1978. Box 12, Folder 32
 
Mattauch-Henzog, Early Instruments; Photographs, undated. Box 12, Folder 33
 
Perkin-Elmer Corporation, 1963-1967. Box 12, Folder 34
Note Design data, drawings, and correspondence
 
Space Research  
Note The space-related research materials comprise a large part of the Nier Collection, reflecting a period of roughly thirty-five years. There is considerable material on early rocket flights (Boxes 21 and 22) and the ATMOSPHERIC EXPLORER Satellites (Boxes 13 and 14 plus two flat boxes), including papers from the Atmospheric Explorer Working Group. The VIKING materials, Boxes 15, 16, 17, and 18, reflect Nier's chairmanship of the Entry Science Team for the Mars landings and the crucial experiments that revealed the presence of argon and nitrogen in the Martian atmosphere. Box 18 also contains a limited amount of material on COMETS and on the PIONEER VENUS Satellite. The Atmospheric Explorer materials and the Viking materials are arranged chronologically; other space science materials are arranged alphabetically within each division. Within the space science materials there are several folders, primarily involving government grants and contracts, that are arranged in business fashion with the most recent item appearing first.
Nier's later research interests shifted to EXTRA-TERRESTRIAL MATERIALS and focused on the study of interplanetary dust particles (IDP's) and meteorites, materials found in Box 19. Notes and an outline for his final paper are found in the folder titled "Symposium in Inorganic Mass Spectrometry" found in the Correspondence Section in Box 8. The paper, "The Record of Solar Corpuscular Radiation Preserved in Lunar Soil," was to have been given at the Second Alfred O. Nier Conference at the Tamarron Center in Durango, Colorado, in May, 1994. Nier's accident prevented his attendance. His final publication, "Helium and Neon in Lunar Ilmenites and Different Antiquities was accepted by the journal Meteoritics before his death. It can be found in the Extraterrestrial Materials papers in a folder labeled "Lunar Ilmenites Paper" found in Box 19.
 
Atmospheric Explorer, 1971-1984. (2 boxes)  
Box 13
CAPCutter Design, 1971-1972. Box 13, Folder 1
Note Drawing, correspondence, photos
 
Data Analysis Committee, Planning, 1971-1972. Box 13, Folder 2
 
RCA, Design Notes, 1971-1972. Box 13, Folder 3
 
Lay Out Design, 1971-1972. Box 13, Folder 4
 
Telecons, 1971-1972. Box 13, Folder 5
 
Aeronoy Team, 1971-1973. Box 13, Folder 6
Note Correspondence, minutes, reports
 
Testing  
Box 13
Correspondence and Reports I, 1971-1974. Box 13, Folder 7
Note Includes drawing
 
Correspondence and Reports II, 1971-1974. Box 13, Folder 8
 
Open Source Neutral Mass Spectrometer Design and Construction, Correspondence, 1971-1974. Box 13, Folder 9
 
TCAM Meeting, February 23-24, 1972. Box 13, Folder 10
Note Reports and other materials
 
Open Source Spectrometer (OSS).  
Box 13
Unique Documents, March 1972. Box 13, Folder 11
 
Calibration Procedure, undated. Box 13, Folder 12
 
Working Group  
Box 13
OSS; Instrument Descriptions, 1971. Box 13, Folder 13
 
Magnetic Fields; Reports, 1971. Box 13, Folder 14
 
Correspondence and Minutes I, 1971. Box 13, Folder 15
 
Correspondence and Minutes II, 1972. Box 13, Folder 16
 
Bennett Ion Mass Spectrometer (BIMS); Reports, 1971-1972. Box 13, Folder 17
 
Cylindrical Electrostatic Probe (CEP); Reports, 1971-1972. Box 13, Folder 18
 
Drawings, 1971-1972. Box 13, Folder 19
 
Extreme Solar UV Monitor (ESUM); Reports, 1971-1972. Box 13, Folder 20
 
EUVS; Reports, 1971-1972. Box 13, Folder 21
 
Low Energy Electron Experiment (LEE); Reports, 1971-1972. Box 13, Folder 22
 
Magnetic Ion Mass Spectrometer; Reports, 1971-1972. Box 13, Folder 23
 
MESA Accelerometer; Reports, 1971-1972. Box 13, Folder 24
 
Neutral Atmosphere Composition Experiment (NACE); Reports, 1971-1972. Box 13, Folder 25
 
Neutral Atmosphere Temperature Experiment (NATE); Reports, 1971-1972. Box 13, Folder 26
 
OSS; Reports, 1971-1972. Box 13, Folder 27
Note Old diagrams
 
Photoelectron Spectrometer (PES); Reports, 1971-1972. Box 13, Folder 28
 
Project Preparation, 1971-1972. Box 13, Folder 29
 
RCA; Reports, 1971-1972. Box 13, Folder 30
 
Retarding Potential Analyzer; Reports, 1971-1972. Box 13, Folder 31
 
Ultra-Violet Nitric Oxide Spectrometer (OVNO); Reports, 1971-1972. Box 13, Folder 32
 
Miscellaneous Reports, 1972. Box 13, Folder 33
 
Visual Airglow Experiment; Reports, 1972. Box 13, Folder 34
 
Graphs, 1972, undated. Box 13, Folder 35
Box 14
Flight Readiness Reports, October-November, 1973. Box 14, Folder 1
 
Pre-Environmental Review; Reports, 1973. Box 14, Folder 2
 
Entry Study; Plots, December 1973. Box 14, Folder 3
 
Atmospheric Explorer C.  
Box 14
Orbits 88 and 89; Data, December 1973. Box 14, Folder 4
 
Orbit 90; Data, December 1973. Box 14, Folder 5
 
Orbit 91; Data, December 1973. Box 14, Folder 6
 
Orbit 93; Data, 1973. Box 14, Folder 7
 
Orbit 94; Data, 1973. Box 14, Folder 8
 
Geomagnetic and Solar Data, 1973-1975. Box 14, Folder 9
 
Orbits 183 and 184, Spinning; Data, January 2, 1974. Box 14, Folder 10
 
Orbit 217, MAJ 2, January 5, 1974. Box 14, Folder 11
Note Data, correspondence
 
Orbits 220 and 221, Fly-through Mode; Data, January 19, 1974. Box 14, Folder 12
 
Orbit 260; Data, January 9, 1974. Box 14, Folder 13
 
Orbit 379; Data, January 19, 1974. Box 14, Folder 14
 
Orbit 435, Spinning-MAJ2; Data, January 25, 1974. Box 14, Folder 15
 
Orbit 457, OSS and NACE Comparisons; Data, January 26, 1974. Box 14, Folder 16
 
Orbit 615 and Orbit 637; Data, February 1974. Box 14, Folder 17
 
Orbit 660, Fly-through; Data, February 1974. Box 14, Folder 18
 
Orbit 725, Fly-through 25 eV; Data, February 1974. Box 14, Folder 19
 
Orbit 746, Despun-spectra etc.; Data, February 1974. Box 14, Folder 20
 
Orbit 747, 28/32 FT only; Data, February 1974. Box 14, Folder 21
 
Orbit 684, Spin Peak-Shape Study; Data, March 1974. Box 14, Folder 22
 
Orbit 792, NO-F.T.; Data, March 1974. Box 14, Folder 23
 
Orbit 915; Data, March 1974. Box 14, Folder 24
 
Orbit 944; Data, March 1974. Box 14, Folder 25
 
Orbit 951 and 952; Data March 1974. Box 14, Folder 26
 
Orbit 957; Data, March 1974. Box 14, Folder 27
 
Orbit 993 and 995; Data, March 1974. Box 14, Folder 28
 
Orbits 1023s, 1925s, and 1929; Data, March 1974. Box 14, Folder 29
 
Orbits 1030s, 1031s, 1032, 1042s, 1043, and 1053; Data, March 1974. Box 14, Folder 30
 
Orbits 1055, 1056s, 1057s, 1058, 1059, 1060s, 1063, 1064, 1065s, 1066; Data, March 1974. Box 14, Folder 31
 
Orbit 1165; Data, March 1974. Box 14, Folder 32
 
Orbits 1221, 1222, 1227, 1228; Data, April 1974. Box 14, Folder 33
 
Orbits 1254, 1255, 1260, 1262; Data, April 1974. Box 14, Folder 34
 
Orbit 1264; Data, April 1974. Box 14, Folder 35
 
Orbit 1264, Spin Peak-Shape Study; Data, April 1974. Box 14, Folder 36
 
Orbit 1270; Data, April 1974. Box 14, Folder 37
 
Orbits 1288, 1291, 1293, 1294; Data, April 1974. Box 14, Folder 38
 
Orbit 1314; Data, April 1974. Box 14, Folder 39
 
Orbit 1336; Data, April 1974. Box 14, Folder 40
 
Orbit 1346; Data, April 1974. Box 14, Folder 41
 
Orbit 1424; Data, April 1974. Box 14, Folder 42
 
Orbits 1436 and 1437; Data, April 1974. Box 14, Folder 43
 
Orbits 1534, 1546, 1561, 1588; Data, May 1974. Box 14, Folder 44
 
Orbits 1619, 1621, 1624s, 1625, 1627, 1637s; Data, May 1974. Box 14, Folder 45
 
Orbits 1645, 1660s, 1664, 1683, 1690, 1691, 1692; Data, May 1974. Box 14, Folder 46
 
Orbits 1719, 1720, 1747d, 1783, 1784, 1786 and 1794d; Data, May 1974. Box 14, Folder 47
 
Orbits 1813, 1830s, 1832s, 1852s, 1875s, 1876s, 1877s; Data, May-June 1974. Box 14, Folder 48
 
Orbits 1943d, 1970s, 1972s, 1990, and 1996d; Data, June 1974. Box 14, Folder 49
 
Orbits 2028d, 2044d, 2053d, 2056s, 2081, 2083; Data, June 1974. Box 14, Folder 50
 
Orbits 2112, 2116, 2123, 2124, 2126, 2129, 2151, 2154, 2156, 2182s; Data, June 1974. Box 14, Folder 51
 
Orbits 2222, 2226s, 2227, 2229, 2230, 2235, 2246, 2247, 2251, 2259d, 2270d, 2278s, 2287d, 2292d, 2301; Data, June-July 1974. Box 14, Folder 52
 
Orbits 2394, 2400, 2415, 2442; Data, July 1974. Box 14, Folder 53
 
Orbits 3378 and 3458; Data, September-October, 1974. Box 14, Folder 54
 
Miscellaneous Orbits; Data, 1973-1974. Box 14, Folder 55
 
Orbit-Altitude Relations; Computer Printout, undated. Box 14, Folder 56
 
Plots and Photographs, circa 1970s, undated. Box 14, Folder 57
 
Orbits Not Included in Plots; Data, June-July 1974. Box 14, Folder 58
 
Density Comparison Data, 1974-1975. Box 14, Folder 59
 
NASA, Electrodynamic Explorer Evaluation, 1974-1976. Box 14, Folder 60
Note Report and correspondence
 
Atmospheric Explorer D.  
Box 14
Orbits 116, 116s, 117, 117s, 118d, 119s; Data, October 1975. Box 14, Folder 61
 
Orbit 171; Data, November 1975. Box 14, Folder 62
 
Orbit 171, Spin Peak-Shape Study; Data, November 1975. Box 14, Folder 63
 
Orbits 203d, 414d, 577d, 627d, 863d, 888d, 1121d, 1321d; Data, 1975-1976. Box 14, Folder 64
 
Orbit 402, Spin Peak-Shape Study; Data, circa 1975.  Box 14, Folder 65
 
Orbit 472, Spin Peak-Shape Study; Data, circa 1975. Box 14, Folder 66
 
(Kayser) Results; Data, circa 1975-1976.  Box 14, Folder 67
 
Oxygen Isotope Study, undated. Box 14, Folder 68
 
Molecular Oxygen Related Research, 1973-1976. Box 14, Folder 69
 
Atmospheric Explorer E.  
Box 14
Orbit 205, Spin Peak-Shape Study; Data, December 1975. Box 14, Folder 70
 
Orbit 300, Spin Peak-Shape Study; Data, December 1975. Box 14, Folder 71
 
OSS, 1973-1980. Box 14, Folder 72
Note Reprints, Nier and other University of Minnesota,
 
Correspondence and Bibliographies, 1974-1984. Box 14, Folder 73
 
Atomic Nitrogen Studies; Reprints, 1975-1980. Box 14, Folder 74
 
Plots, circa 1979.  Box 14, Folder 75
 
Billig Plots, Spring 1979. Box 14, Folder 76
 
Viewgraphs, undated. Box 14, Folder 77
 
Photographs, undated. Box 14, Folder 78
 
Viking, 1962-1979. (4 boxes)  
Box 15
Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Proposal on Using Mass Spectrometer in the Martian Atmosphere, December 1962. Box 15, Folder 1
 
Mass Spectrometer Feasibility for Mars; Report, 1962. Box 15, Folder 2
 
Mars, Pre-Viking.  
Box 15
Notes, undated. Box 15, Folder 3
 
Reprints, 1966, 1969. Box 15, Folder 3
 
Nier Budget, 1968, 1970-1978, 1979. Box 15, Folder 4
Note Includes correspondence
 
Mass Spectrometer Choice; Reports, 1969, undated. Box 15, Folder 5
 
Nier Project; Notebook, March-November, 1969. Box 15, Folder 6
Box 16
Molecular Analysis Team; Notebooks, December 1969-February 1977. Box 16, Folder 7
Box 15
NASA Reports, 1970, 1973, 1976. Box 15, Folder 8
 
UAMS; Reports, 1970-1975. Box 15, Folder 9
Box 16
Molecular Analysis Team; Correspondence, 1970-1975. Box 16, Folder 10
Box 15
UAMS, Mars Spectrometer Studies and Toronto Studies; Notebook I, June 16, 1970-April 30, 1971. Box 15, Folder 11
 
UAMS, Toronto Studies; Notebook II, February 12-14, 1971. Box 15, Folder 12
 
UAMS; Prototype Notebook, February-September 1971. Box 15, Folder 13
 
Viking Proposal.  
Box 15
Drawings, Photos, Summary Report, March 24, 1971. Box 15, Folder 14
 
Summary Report, Text, and Diagrams, March 24, 1971. Box 15, Folder 15
 
UAMS; Summary Report, March 1971. Box 15, Folder 16
 
Pre-Landing; Talks, 1971-1976. Box 15, Folder 17
 
Mariner Mars; Photos, 1971-1973. Box 15, Folder 18
 
Publications Evaluating, 1976. Box 15, Folder 19
 
UAMS, Temperature Sensors; Design and Orders, 1972-1973. Box 15, Folder 20
 
UAMS; Drawings, 1972-1974. Box 15, Folder 21
 
Plans for 1979 Project; Correspondence, 1973-1974. Box 15, Folder 22
 
Sensitivity, 75 ev, August 1974. Box 15, Folder 23-24
 
Pressure vs. Current Linear Plots, 75 ev, August 1974. Box 15, Folder 25
 
Sensitivity, 25 ev, August 1974. Box 15, Folder 26
 
Sensitivity, 75 ev, November 1974. Box 15, Folder 27
 
Sensitivity, 25 ev, November 1974. Box 15, Folder 28
 
Calibration runs, August and November, 1974. Box 15, Folder 29
 
Post-Viking Studies, 1974,undated. Box 15, Folder 30
Note Correspondence, graphs, photo
 
Mariner Jupiter-Uranus Science Advisory Committee; Correspondence, 1974. Box 15, Folder 31
 
Sensitivity; Linear Plots, circa 1974.  Box 15, Folder 32
 
UAMS; Test Program, 1974-1975. Box 15, Folder 33
Box 16
VL-1 and VL-2; Calibration Data, 1974, 1976. Box 16, Folder 1
 
General Information; Publications, 1974-1976. Box 16, Folder 2
 
UAMS, Peak Pick Sensitivity Data.  
Box 16
Filament #1, February-March, 1975. Box 16, Folder 3
 
Filament #2, Book I and II, . February-March, 1975. Box 16, Folder 4-5
 
UAMS, Calibration Report, VLC-1, April 22, 1975. Box 16, Folder 6
 
Press Kit, Summer 1975. Box 16, Folder 7
 
Publications and Science Reports, 1975. Box 16, Folder 8
 
News Reports, 1975-1977. Box 16, Folder 9
 
Equipment Shipments; Correspondence, 1975-1978. Box 16, Folder 10
 
Property Transfer; Correspondence, 1975-1979. Box 16, Folder 11
 
GCMS; Photos and Diagrams, 1974, undated. Box 16, Folder 12
 
Simulation, May-June, 1976. Box 16, Folder 13
 
Early Sensitivity Plots, Linear and Parabolic Fits, June 1976. Box 16, Folder 14
 
UAMS, Simulation, July 7, 1976. Box 16, Folder 15
 
Sensitivity Runs, July 13-16, 1976. Box 16, Folder 16
 
Sensitivity Runs, July 15, 1976. Box 16, Folder 17
 
UAMS, Spectra, September 3, 1976. Box 16, Folder 18
 
UAMS; Data, July 20, 1976. Box 16, Folder 19
 
Isotope-Current Ratios, July 29-30, 1976. Box 16, Folder 20
 
Plots Using Least Sgs. Fit for Calibrations, July 30, 1976. Box 16, Folder 21
 
July Landing; General Information, 1976. Box 16, Folder 22
 
UAMS; Initial Plots, July 1976. Box 16, Folder 23
 
VL-1; Trajectories, July 1976. Box 16, Folder 24
 
VL-1; Spectra, July 1976. Box 16, Folder 25
 
Lander 1; Density and Pressure Plots, July-September 1976. Box 16, Folder 26
 
Pressure-Current Tabulations; Calculator Print-outs, July-August, 1976. Box 16, Folder 27
 
Nitrogen Isotope; Calculations, July, August 1976. Box 16, Folder 28
 
1st Landing; Data Print Outs, July, August 1976. Box 16, Folder 29
 
UAMS, Sensitivity Data, 75 ev, July, August 1976. Box 16, Folder 30
 
VL-2; Trajectories, September 1976. Box 16, Folder 31
 
VL-2; Spectra, September 1976. Box 16, Folder 32
 
UAMS; Data and Calculations, VL-2, 1976. Box 16, Folder 33
 
University of Minnesota Lab Tests, June-August, 1976. Box 16, Folder 34
 
UAMS; Spectrum Printouts, VLC-1, July 20, 1976. Box 16, Folder 35
 
UAMS; Listings, VLC-1, July 1976. Box 16, Folder 36
 
VLC-1; Additionaloo Spectra, July 1976. Box 16, Folder 37
 
Least Sgs. Fits; Sensitivity, July 1976. Box 16, Folder 38
 
UAMS; Plots Using Pressure-Current Tabulation for Calibration of July Landing Data, August 6, 1976. Box 16, Folder 39
 
Upper Atmosphere Mass Spectrometer, Practice Program Runs, July-August, 1976. Box 16, Folder 40
 
UAMS; Profile Plots, July-August, 1976. Box 16, Folder 41
 
Linear Fits to Log Pressure vs. Log Current, August 3, 1976. Box 16, Folder 42
 
Sensitivity Plots, Pressure vs. Current, August 5, 1976. Box 16, Folder 43
 
UAMS, Calibration Report, VLC-2, August 6, 1976. Box 16, Folder 44
Box 17
UAMS; Program Sequence Record, August 1976. Box 17, Folder 1
 
UAMS; Calibration Report, VLC-2, Viking "A," 2nd Lander, August 1976. Box 17, Folder 2
 
Altitude vs. Time; Sensitivity Constants, 75 ev and 25 ev, August, September 1976. Box 17, Folder 3
 
Lander; Data Listings, August, September 1976. Box 17, Folder 4
 
Pre-Separation Checkout, VLC-2, September 2, 1976. Box 17, Folder 5
 
UAMS, Spectra, July 20, 1976. Box 17, Folder 6
 
UAMS; Spectrum Printouts, VLC-2, September 3, 1976. Box 17, Folder 7
 
UAMS; Spectrum Printouts, VLC-2 (Tape Recorder Playback), September 3, 1976. Box 17, Folder 8
 
Plot System Analysis, VLC-1, September 23, 1976. Box 17, Folder 9
 
Lander 2.  
Box 17
Data Listings, September 1976. Box 17, Folder 10
 
Isotope Spectra Plots, September 1976. Box 17, Folder 11
 
Density and Pressure Plots, September-October, 1976. Box 17, Folder 12
 
Isotope Plots VLC-1 and VLC-2, October 2, 1976. Box 17, Folder 13
 
Trajectory and Atmosphere Reconstruction, VLC-2, October 7, 1976. Box 17, Folder 14
 
UAMS; Low Mass Tabulations, October-November, 1976. Box 17, Folder 15
 
UAMS; Ion Pump Current vs. Altitude, November 2, 1976. Box 17, Folder 16
 
UAMS; Density Data, Constant Formula, November 1976. Box 17, Folder 17
 
UAMS; Density Data Integral Formula, November-December, 1976. Box 17, Folder 18
 
Calculations, VLC-2, 28 Fragments from CO2, 1976. Box 17, Folder 19
 
UAMS; Sensitivity Data, 75 and 25 ev, VLC-2, circa 1976.  Box 17, Folder 20
 
UAMS; Isotopic Ratio Calculations for Lander 1 and Lander 2, circa 1976.  Box 17, Folder 21
 
UAMS; Data and Calculations, VL-1, 1976. Box 17, Folder 22
 
UAMS; Comparison Graph, 1976. Box 17, Folder 23
 
Viking Seminars; Notes, 1976. Box 17, Folder 24
 
Talks at Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 1976. Box 17, Folder 25
 
Cartoons, 1976. Box 17, Folder 26
 
Mars Photos and Slides, 1976. Box 17, Folder 27
 
Entry Science, 1976. Box 17, Folder 28
Note Drawings, graphs, photo
 
Mars Model Atmosphere, 1976. Box 17, Folder 29
 
Martian Atmosphere; Notes and Reprint, 1976. Box 17, Folder 30
 
Publications Evaluating, 1972. Box 17, Folder 31
 
Program Plots; Raw Data, 1976, undated. Box 17, Folder 32
 
General Program Worksheets, 1976, undated. Box 17, Folder 33
 
Current/Pressure; Tabulations, July 1976. Box 17, Folder 34
 
Number Density Fits, 1976-1977. Box 17, Folder 35
 
Calculations, VLC-2, 1976-1977. Box 17, Folder 36
 
Data Listings, VLC-2, 75 ev, 1976-1977. Box 17, Folder 37
 
Lander 1; Summary of Data, 1976-1977. Box 17, Folder 38
 
Post-Landing Talks, 1976-1977. Box 17, Folder 39
 
NASA, Viking; Awards, 1976-1977. Box 17, Folder 40
 
National Space Science Data Center; Correspondence, 1976-1977. Box 17, Folder 41
 
UAMS; Nitrogen Ratios, March 1977. Box 17, Folder 42
 
UAMS; Mass Densities, March-June, 1977. Box 17, Folder 43
 
UAMS; 28/29 Ratio, 1977. Box 17, Folder 44
 
UAMS; Mass 35, 36, 37, 1977. Box 17, Folder 45
 
Density and Isotope Ratios, 1977. Box 17, Folder 46
 
UAMS; Number Density Ratios, 1977. Box 17, Folder 47
 
UAMS; Calculations, 1977. Box 17, Folder 48
Box 18
GCMS, Atmospheric Analyses; Correspondence, 1977. Box 18, Folder 1
 
Relative Peak Heights; Graphs, undated. Box 18, Folder 2
 
UAMS; Sensitivity Data, 25 ev, undated. Box 18, Folder 3
 
GCMS; Diagrams, undated. Box 18, Folder 4
 
Final Science Report and Correspondence, 1976-1977. Box 18, Folder 5
 
Lander Fee Determinations Award Board; Correspondence and Reports, 1976-1977. Box 18, Folder 6
 
GCMS; Report, Slides, undated. Box 18, Folder 7
 
Comets, 1971-1989. (14 folders)  
Box 18
Comet Encke Conference, Garching; Correspondence, 1972. Box 18, Folder 8
 
Comet Colloquium, U. of Arizona; Correspondence, 1980-1981. Box 18, Folder 9
 
Comet Gas Analyses; Nier Proposal for NASA, March 1980. Box 18, Folder 10
 
Comet Gas Analyses; Documentation for NASA Proposal, March 1980. Box 18, Folder 11
 
Miscellaneous; Diagram, 1986-1988. Box 18, Folder 12
 
Comet Sample Return Workshop, NASA; Correspondence and Program, 1988-1989. Box 18, Folder 13
 
Comet Science Working Group; Proceedings, 1971. Box 18, Folder 14
 
Comet Science Working Group, NASA; Correspondence and Reports, 1978. Box 18, Folder 15
 
Comet Seminar, NASA; Correspondence and Programs, 1972-1977. Box 18, Folder 16
 
Cometary Mass Spectronomy, NASA Grant Applications; Correspondence, 1978-1980. Box 18, Folder 17
 
Cometary Science Working Group, 1969-1971. Box 18, Folder 18
Note Correspondence, reports, reprints
 
Mass Spectrometer Dust Studies.  
Box 18
Manuscript, 1978. Box 18, Folder 19
 
Reprint, 1981. Box 18, Folder 19
 
"Neutral Mass Spectronomy in the Vicinity of Comets" ; Drawings, July 20, 1978. Box 18, Folder 20
 
Spectra as Functions of Electron Energies; Drawings, undated. Box 18, Folder 21
 
Pioneer Venus, 1968-1984. (5 folders)  
Box 18
Atmosphere; Reprints, 1968-1984. Box 18, Folder 22
 
Graphs and Drawings, undated. Box 18, Folder 23
 
Reports, Photos, 1979. Box 18, Folder 24
 
Research Contract Application, December 7, 1973. Box 18, Folder 25
 
Space Exploration Retrospective; Video Tape, May 28, 1984. Box 18, Folder 26
 
Extra-Terrestrial Materials.  
 
Cosmic Dust, 1978-1994. (6 folders)  
Box 19
Correspondence, 1981-1993. Box 19, Folder 1
 
NASA Grant Application, 1994. Box 19, Folder 2
 
Noble Gases; Correspondence and Notes, 1984. Box 19, Folder 3
 
Notebook of Dennis Schletter, June 1978-March 1980. Box 19, Folder 4
 
Space Station Collection Facility.  
Box 19
Correspondence, 1983, 1988. Box 19, Folder 5
 
Reports, 1988. Box 19, Folder 5
 
Spectra, 1987-1988, undated. Box 19, Folder 6
 
Interplanetary Dust Particles, 1984-1994. (20 folders)  
Box 19
Brownlee Data; Graphs, undated, 1992, 1993. Box 19, Folder 7
 
Capillary Beam Negatives, undated. Box 19, Folder 8
 
Catalogs and Notes, 1984-1988. Box 19, Folder 9
 
"37-60 Data" , Graphs and Calculations, undated, 1991, 1992, 1993. Box 19, Folder 10
 
Graphs 4-1990, 6-1990, 2-1991, 1990, 1991. Box 19, Folder 11
 
Graphs, undated, 1990, 1991, 1993. Box 19, Folder 12
 
He-Ne Diffusion from Particles; Graphs, November-December 1988. Box 19, Folder 13
 
"Implantation Exp." ; Graphs, undated, 1993. Box 19, Folder 14
 
Lunar Graphs, undated, 1993. Box 19, Folder 15
 
"Lunar-Grains T. vs. Watts" ; Graphs, 1990, 1991. Box 19, Folder 16
 
"Lunar He vs. Watts Normalized" ; Graphs, 1990, 1991. Box 19, Folder 17
 
Miscellaneous Auxiliary Data; Graphs, Calculations, undated, 1989, 1993. Box 19, Folder 18
 
Miscellaneous Graphs, Calculations, undated, 1991, 1993. Box 19, Folder 19
 
Miscellaneous Graphs and Diagrams, undated. Box 19, Folder 20
 
10 Neon Heating; Graphs, 1990. Box 19, Folder 21
 
Pulse Heating #37-48; Graphs, undated, 1992, 1993. Box 19, Folder 22
 
"Pulse-Heating Lunar Grains" ; Graphs, undated, April 1992, June 1992. Box 19, Folder 23
 
"Pulsing of" ; Graphs, undated. Box 19, Folder 24
 
"Slides Etc. Spring '94" ; Graphs, undated, 1993, 1994. Box 19, Folder 25
 
Interplanetary Dust Particles Workshop, NASA; Correspondence, 1992-1993. Box 19, Folder 26
 
Lunar Ilmenites Paper, 1993-1994. Box 19, Folder 27
Note Correspondence, research data, and manuscripts
 
Metallic Ions in Thermosphere; Correspondence and Paper, 1983. Box 19, Folder 28
 
Meteorites, 1948-1994. (8 folders)  
 
Meteorite Research.  
Box 19
Notes, undated. Box 19, Folder 29
 
Reprints, 1948-1959. Box 19, Folder 29
 
Meteorite Requests; Correspondence, 1987-1988. Box 19, Folder 30
 
Price Lists, 1984-1987, 1991, undated. Box 19, Folder 31
 
Publications; Correspondence and Critiques, 1989-1993. Box 19, Folder 32
 
Meteoritical Society Meetings.  
Box 19
Correspondence and Papers, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1987, 1988. Box 19, Folder 33
 
Correspondence and Papers, 1988, 1989, 1990. Box 19, Folder 34
 
Correspondence and Papers, 1991, 1992, 1993. Box 19, Folder 35
 
1994 Meeting; Correspondence and Paper, 1994. Box 19, Folder 36
 
NASA, 1961-1994. (3 boxes)  
Box 19
Cosmic Dust; Correspondence and Data, 1994. Box 19, Folder 37
 
Isotopic Abundances in Extraterrestrial Material.  
Box 19
Proposals and Correspondence I, 1984-1988. Box 19, Folder 38
 
Proposals and Correspondence II, 1989-1990. Box 19, Folder 39
 
Proposals and Correspondence III, 1991-1994. Box 19, Folder 40
 
PIDDP  
Box 19
Research Proposal and Correspondence, 1989, 1991. Box 19, Folder 41
 
"Proposal Drawings" , undated. Box 19, Folder 42
 
Proposals, Correspondence and Final Report, 1985-1991. Box 19, Folder 43
 
Planetary Materials and Geochemistry; Reports, 1991, 1992. Box 19, Folder 44
 
National Science Foundation.  
Box 19
Geochemical Research; Correspondence, Abstracts, 1985. Box 19, Folder 45
 
Mass Spectrometer Equipment Grant; Proposal and Correspondence, 1982-1986. Box 19, Folder 46
 
Research Proposal and Correspondence, 1984. Box 19, Folder 47
Box 20
Award for Invention, 1980. Box 20, Folder 1
 
Beam Facility Research; Proposal and Correspondence, 1974. Box 20, Folder 2
 
Balloon Flight; Proposal and Correspondence, 1983. Box 20, Folder 3
 
Cometary Investigations; Reports, March 1980. Box 20, Folder 4
 
Conference on Planetary Volatiles; Correspondence and Papers, 1982. Box 20, Folder 5
 
Consultant; Correspondence, 1964-1981. Box 20, Folder 6
 
Equipment Inventory, U of M, 1977-1988. Box 20, Folder 7
 
Five-Year Plan; Correspondence, Reports, 1978. Box 20, Folder 8
 
Gas Analysis of Martian Atmosphere; Proposal, 1977. Box 20, Folder 9
 
Grant 0641-5561; Correspondence, 1964-1969. Box 20, Folder 10
 
Grant Applications and Correspondence, 1962-1978. Box 20, Folder 11
 
Grant Applications and Correspondence, 1979-1984. Box 20, Folder 12
 
Grant Application, Draft, March 29, 1985. Box 20, Folder 13
 
Grant Progress Reports, 1983. Box 20, Folder 14
 
Grant Proposal and Correspondence, 1991. Box 20, Folder 15
 
Grant Status Reports, 1962-1983. Box 20, Folder 16
 
Lunar and Planetary Science Conference.  
Box 20
Correspondence and Programs, 1987, 1988, 1989. Box 20, Folder 17
 
Correspondence, Programs, and Other Materials, 1990, 1991. Box 20, Folder 18
 
Correspondence and Programs, 1992, 1993, 1994. Box 20, Folder 19
 
Manned Spacecraft Center Proposal; Correspondence, 1970-1973. Box 20, Folder 20
 
Mars Conference, Correspondence, 1985-1986. Box 20, Folder 21
 
Mass Spectrometer Sampling System; Correspondence, Reports, 1975. Box 20, Folder 22
 
Mauersberger, Konrad; Proposals, 1976-1981. Box 20, Folder 23
 
Miscellaneous Correspondence, 1965, 1966, 1968. Box 20, Folder 24
 
National Space Science Center; Correspondence, 1988. Box 20, Folder 25
 
"Novel Mass Spectrometer Gas Admission System" ; Grant Applications and Paper, undated, 1991. Box 20, Folder 26
 
Office of Space Science; Correspondence, 1971-1993. Box 20, Folder 27
 
Outer Planets Workshop; Correspondence and Conference Materials, 1974-1975. Box 20, Folder 28
 
Out-of-Elliptic Mission Grant Proposal; Correspondence, 1977-1979. Box 20, Folder 29
 
PAPI Conferences I; Correspondence and Reports, 1978, 1979. Box 20, Folder 30
 
PAPI Conferences II; Correspondence and Reports, 1981, 1982, 1983. Box 20, Folder 31
 
NASA, Support for; Correspondence, 1976-1977. Box 20, Folder 32
Box 21
Research Contract; Correspondence, 1962-1985. Box 21, Folder 1
 
Sample Acquisition, Analysis and Preservation, Instrument Technology Workshop; Correspondence and Materials, 1988-1989. Box 21, Folder 2
 
San Marco 3 Mass Spectrometer.  
Box 21
Correspondence, 1974. Box 21, Folder 3
 
Reprints, 1972-1976. Box 21, Folder 3
 
Solar System Exploration Committee Workshop, Reports and Correspondence, 1983. Box 21, Folder 4
 
Solar System Exploration Committee Workshop, July, 1983 Box 21, Folder 5
 
Solar System Exploration Committee Reports and Correspondence, 1983. Box 21, Folder 5
 
Solar Wind Experiment.  
Box 21
Correspondence and Proposals, 1961-1963. Box 21, Folder 6
 
Report, 1986. Box 21, Folder 6
 
Planetary Atmospheres Subcommittee; Committee Materials, 1968-1969. Box 21, Folder 7
 
Space Lab Experiments.  
Box 21
Correspondence and Proposal, 1976. Box 21, Folder 8
 
Reprints, 1971-1976. Box 21, Folder 8
 
"Space Science in the 21st Century" ; Report and Correspondence, 1984-1986. Box 21, Folder 9
 
Tethered Satellite Workshop; Correspondence and Reports, 1978. Box 21, Folder 10
 
Aerobee Flights, Correspondence and Research Notes, 1965-1966. Box 21, Folder 11
 
Aerobee Flights, Fort Churchill, Manitoba, ; Correspondence, 1967, 1968-1969. Box 21, Folder 12
 
Bell Jar System; Photographs, undated. Box 21, Folder 13
 
Electrometer Amplifier Paper; Notes and Diagrams, undated. Box 21, Folder 14
Note Found with Rocket Materials.
 
Fort Churchill, Instruments; Photographs, undated. Box 21, Folder 15
 
Low Altitude Flights.  
Box 21
Photographs, undated. Box 21, Folder 16
 
Correspondence, Reports, and Drawings, 1969-1971. Box 21, Folder 17
 
Nier Research Proposals, 1968-1972. Box 21, Folder 18
 
Nike-Tomahawk Rocket 18.10244A; Correspondence, Reports, 1978-1979. Box 21, Folder 19
 
Official Aerobee Photographs, 1966, 1977. Box 21, Folder 20
 
Payload Shots; Photographs, May 1, 1969. Box 21, Folder 21
 
Rocket Flight Contract; Grant Proposals, 1963-1980. Box 21, Folder 22
 
Rocket Flight Contracts; Correspondence, 1963-1982. Box 21, Folder 23
 
Rocket Flights 4.127, undated, 1965. Box 21, Folder 24
Note Graphs, negative, photographs.
 
Rocket Flights 4.180 and 4.181 and Others, 1966-1967. Box 21, Folder 25
Note Graphs, diagrams, and photograph.
 
Rocket Flights 4.127, White Sands.  
Box 21
Photographs, undated, 1965. Box 21, Folder 25
 
Correspondence, 1989. Box 21, Folder 25
 
Rocket Flights 4.272; Photographs, undated. Box 21, Folder 26
 
Rocket Flights, 14.419UA; Reports, 1971-1972. Box 21, Folder 27
Box 22
Rocket 18.070UA; Correspondence and Reports, 1971-1978. Box 22, Folder 1
 
Rocket 33.013; Correspondence and Reports, 1979-1980. Box 22, Folder 2
 
Rocket Flights, Density Calculations.  
Box 22
Correspondence, 1971. Box 22, Folder 3
 
Data, undated, 1970. Box 22, Folder 3
 
Rocket Flights, Fort Churchill, 1968-1970. Box 22, Folder 4
Note Correspondence, reports, data.
 
Rocket Flights; Photographs, undated. Box 22, Folder 5
 
Rocket Flights through ; Graphs, Photographs, 1987.  Box 22, Folder 6
 
Rocket Graphs; Publications, 1971-1973. Box 22, Folder 7
 
Rocket Instrument Drawings, 1973-1975. Box 22, Folder 8
 
Sounding Rockets; Correspondence and Report, 1976. Box 22, Folder 9
 
Naval Research Laboratory.  
Box 22
Correspondence, 1967, 1968. Box 22, Folder 10
 
Flight NC 3.115F; Photographs, 1963. Box 22, Folder 11
 
Odyssey Project; Correspondence, 1968. Box 22, Folder 12
 
Rocket Circuitry; Drawings, 1963-1966. Box 22, Folder 13
 
Rockets?; Chart Reading Procedures, 1968-1969. Box 22, Folder 14
 
Shaefer, Edward J.  
Box 22
Correspondence, 1963-1969. Box 22, Folder 15
 
Rocket Data, 1963-1965. Box 22, Folder 15
 
Sounding Rocket Instrument; Photographs, 1974. Box 22, Folder 16
 
Thermosphere; COSPAR Paper, 1966. Box 22, Folder 17
 
Toronto Beam Studies; Graphs, 1973, undated. Box 22, Folder 18
 
Toronto, University of; Testing Instrument, Photographs, 1971. Box 22, Folder 19
 
Upper Atmosphere.  
Box 22
Composition; Talks and Correspondence, 1970-1975. Box 22, Folder 20
 
Ionization Processes; Notes, 1968. Box 22, Folder 21
 
Research; Correspondence and Reports, 1966, 1967. Box 22, Folder 22
 
Thermoprobes.  
Box 22
Correspondence, 1964. Box 22, Folder 23
 
Reprints, 1963, 1966. Box 22, Folder 23
 
Personal, 1941-1994. (13 folders)  
Note Contains a limited number of materials including desk calendars, correspondence regarding retirement, clippings, letters of condolence, and obituaries.
Box 22
Bibliography, 1993. Box 22, Folder 24
 
Calendars (Desk); Notations, 1972-1994. Box 22, Folder 25
 
Calendars (Pocket), 1963-1964, 1966-1971. Box 22, Folder 26
 
Correspondence and Clippings, 1941-1983. Box 22, Folder 27
 
Faculty Activity Reports, 1974-1975. Box 22, Folder 28
 
Funeral, Obituaries, and Memorials, 1994, 1995, 1996. Box 22, Folder 29
 
Letters of Condolence, 1994. Box 22, Folder 30
 
Nuclear Power, Nier's View; Clippings, 1979, 1981, 1985. Box 22, Folder 31
 
Miscellaneous, undated, 1985, 1991. Box 22, Folder 32
 
Photographs, 1985. Box 22, Folder 33
 
Retirement; Correspondence, 1978-1987. Box 22, Folder 34
 
Science vs. Humanities Issues; Clippings, 1975-1989. Box 22, Folder 35
 
Special Colloquium to Honor Life of Alfred Nier, November 2, 1994. Box 22, Folder 36
 
University of Minnesota  
Note Papers dealing with the administration of the Department of Physics have been incorporated into the University of Minnesota Archives holdings for the School of Physics and Astronomy. Materials related to Nier's role as Physics Department Chair in the Joseph Weinberg academic freedom case are with the Department of Physics records. Papers relating to the work of the University of Minnesota Senate Consultative Committee, which Nier chaired when it selected Malcolm Moos as President of the University, have been placed with the committee's archival holdings.
 
General, 1913-1994. (1 box)  
Note Arranged alphabetically.
Box 23
Archives; Correspondence, 1953-1991. Box 23, Folder 1
 
Beck, Robert H., Memorial Service, January 10, 1982. Box 23, Folder 2
 
Class of 1931, Reunion; Correspondence, 1981. Box 23, Folder 3
 
Conflict of Interest Committee, University of Minnesota Board of Regents, 1973. Box 23, Folder 4
 
Graduate School, Mass Spectrometer Service; Correspondence, 1955-1962. Box 23, Folder 5
 
Graduate School; Quarterly Magazine, 1979-1981. Box 23, Folder 6
 
Faculty Governance Caucus; Correspondence, 1978-1982. Box 23, Folder 7
 
Faculty Research Organization; Correspondence and Reports I, 1973-June 1974. Box 23, Folder 8
 
Faculty Research Organization; Correspondence and Reports II, July 1974-1978. Box 23, Folder 9
 
Geology Dedication; Correspondence and Talk, November 11, 1988. Box 23, Folder 10
 
General College; Correspondence, 1967-1968. Box 23, Folder 11
 
Honorary Degree; Correspondence, 1980-1981. Box 23, Folder 12
 
Institute of Technology.  
 
Advisory Council.  
Box 23
Correspondence, 1976. Box 23, Folder 13
 
Report, 1978. Box 23, Folder 13
 
Civil Service Award; Correspondence, 1991, 1993. Box 23, Folder 14
 
Committee on Indirect Cost Recovery Funds; Correspondence, 1980. Box 23, Folder 15
 
Correspondence and Reports, 1977-1993. Box 23, Folder 16
 
Dean Search; Correspondence, 1977-August 1978. Box 23, Folder 17-18
 
Research Grant; Correspondence, 1991-1994. Box 23, Folder 19
 
Library, Donation of Materials, 1990, 1991. Box 23, Folder 20
 
Minnesota Daily Court Case, Committee of Concerned Professors; Correspondence and Briefs, 1980-1984. Box 23, Folder 21
 
Nier Portrait; Correspondence, 1956-1958. Box 23, Folder 22
 
Nier, Video Tapes; Production Materials, 1976. Box 23, Folder 23
 
Outstanding Achievement Awards; Correspondence, 1957, 1962. Box 23, Folder 24
 
Physics Department.  
Box 23
Centennial Paper, 1982. Box 23, Folder 25
 
Correspondence, 1989-1990. Box 23, Folder 25
 
Graduate Committee; Correspondence, 1965-1967. Box 23, Folder 26
 
Miscellaneous Correspondence and Memoirs, 1913-1966, 1986-1993. Box 23, Folder 27
 
Miscellaneous History, 1965-1982. Box 23, Folder 28
 
Physics Shop Hours and Costs; Correspondence, 1965-1971. Box 23, Folder 29
 
Physics, Undergraduate Committee; Memoranda, 1973. Box 23, Folder 30
 
Presidential Selection; Correspondence, 1966-1967. Box 23, Folder 31
 
President's Club; Correspondence, 1982-1983. Box 23, Folder 32
 
President's Office; Correspondence, 1975-1979. Box 23, Folder 33
 
Reallocation and Energy Policies; Correspondence, 1991. Box 23, Folder 34
 
Regents' Professors; Correspondence, 1966-1991. Box 23, Folder 35
 
Regents' Evaluation of the President, 1978. Box 23, Folder 36
 
Retirees Association; Correspondence, 1980, 1981, 1983-1984. Box 23, Folder 37
 
Research Review ; Nier Article and Correspondence, 1991. Box 23, Folder 38
 
Retirees Association; Correspondence, 1986-1988. Box 23, Folder 39
 
Sigma Pi Sigma (Physics Honor Society); Certificate, May 18, 1979. Box 23, Folder 40
 
Thirty-Niners, University of Minnesota Faculty Dining Club; Correspondence, 1975-1994. Box 23, Folder 41
 
Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program (UROP); Correspondence, 1986-1988, 1990-1991. Box 23, Folder 42
 
Notebooks, 1939-1992. (4 boxes)  
Note Box 24 contains a notebook labeled "December, 1939--October, 1940," which includes entries from the famous experiment which isolated U235. Two additional notebooks are found with the Viking materials. Materials arranged chronologically.
Box 24
Research Data, March-August 1939. Box 24, Folder 1
 
Research Data, June-December 1939. Box 24, Folder 2
 
Research Data, September-December 1939. Box 24, Folder 3
 
Research Data, December 1939-October 1940. Box 24, Folder 4
 
Research Data, 1939. Box 24, Folder 5
 
Research Expenses, circa 1939. Box 24, Folder 6
 
Lead, April 1940-September 1940. Box 24, Folder 7-8
 
Carbon 13 Separation, August 1940-March 1941. Box 24, Folder 9
 
Lead, 1940-1941. Box 24, Folder 10
 
Kellogg Co., June 1941-March 1942. Box 24, Folder 11
 
Kellogg II, March 1942. Box 24, Folder 12
 
Test of Oil Pumps; Notebook Pages, May-June 1943. Box 24, Folder 13
 
Miscellaneous Notes, April 1945-June 1953. Box 24, Folder 14
 
Miscellaneous Notes, 1948, 1950, 1982, undated. Box 24, Folder 15
Box 25
Mass Spectrometer Data on Lead, October 1947-April 1948. Box 25, Folder 1
 
Physics Laboratory, April 1948-June 1949. Box 25, Folder 2
 
Physics Laboratory, Log Book I, August 1948-June 1949. Box 25, Folder 3
 
Physics Laboratory, Log Book 2, June 1949-January 1950. Box 25, Folder 4
 
Review of Work of Ruth Boe and Others, June 1949-September 1954. Box 25, Folder 5
 
Spectra Associated with Isotopic Ratio Measurements, July-October 1949. Box 25, Folder 6
 
Physics Laboratory, Log Book 3, January 1950-July 1951. Box 25, Folder 7
 
Thermal Diffusion Columns, May 1950-July 1956. Box 25, Folder 8
 
Electron Multiplier, August 1951-March 1953. Box 25, Folder 9
 
Physics, Nuclear, "Notes-Hill" , October 1951-February 1952. Box 25, Folder 10
 
Mass Spectrometer Data, May-September 1955. Box 25, Folder 11
 
Mass Determinations, July 1956-July 1957. Box 25, Folder 12
 
Argon Machine I, August 1956-July 1958. Box 25, Folder 13
 
Miscellaneous Notes, September 1958-June 1960. Box 25, Folder 14
 
Argon Machine II, July 1958-July 1960. Box 25, Folder 15
 
"Small D.F. I" , December 1958-January 1961. Box 25, Folder 16
Box 26
Helium, undated. Box 26, Folder 1
Note After 1955.
 
Vacuum Techniques; Notes, 1960, undated. Box 26, Folder 2
 
Miscellaneous Notes, June-September 1960. Box 26, Folder 3
 
D.F. II, April 1960-December 1961. Box 26, Folder 4
 
Co-operative Project with Naval Research Laboratory, January 1961-July 1964. Box 26, Folder 5
 
Angular Distribution of Source, November 1962-February 1963. Box 26, Folder 6
 
Rocket Born Magnetic Mass Spectrometer, December 1962-October 1963. Box 26, Folder 7
 
Mass Spectrometers, 1962, 1963, 1969. Box 26, Folder 8
 
NASA Rocket Program, Electronics, March 1964-February 1966. Box 26, Folder 9
 
NASA, Rockets etc., March 1964-November 1966. Box 26, Folder 10
 
1.5. Inch Double Focusing Mass Spectrometer, May-June 1964, February-September 1967. Box 26, Folder 11
 
Thermosphere, October 1964-undated. Box 26, Folder 12
 
Source Study, Apparatus, August-October 1965. Box 26, Folder 13
 
Miscellaneous Seminars, August 1965-February 1966. Box 26, Folder 14
 
Source Study Apparatus, October-December 1965. Box 26, Folder 15
 
Mass Spectrometer Designs, November 1966-April 1985. Box 26, Folder 16
 
Rocket Flights, November 1966-July 1969. Box 26, Folder 17
 
1.5. Inch Double Focusing Mass Spectrometer, Counting and Analog, September 1967-January 1971. Box 26, Folder 18
 
Low Altitude Spectrometer Experiments, December 1967-March 1968. Box 26, Folder 19
 
Long Lens and Source Studies, February-April 1969. Box 26, Folder 20
 
1 Inch Mattauch Mass Spectrometer, April 1969-February 1970. Box 26, Folder 21
 
Lightweight, 1 Inch Mattauch Spectrometer, July 1969-July 1970. Box 26, Folder 22
 
Various Leak System and Calibration Studies, January 1970-May 1972. Box 26, Folder 23
 
Mars Lander UAMS, March 1970-January 1976. Box 26, Folder 24
 
Low Altitude Flight Spectrometers, May-December 1970. Box 26, Folder 25
 
Atmospheric Explorer, C and O, June 1970-November 1972. Box 26, Folder 26
 
Filament Tests, June 1970-May 1973. Box 26, Folder 27
Box 27
Hudson Flight, November 1970-June 1972. Box 27, Folder 1
 
Lab Tests of 1 Inch Double Focusing Mattauch Spectrometers, January 1971-August 1972. Box 27, Folder 2
 
Mars Spectrometer Studies and Toronto Studies, May-October 1971. Box 27, Folder 3
 
FLT, 14.419, June-October 1971. Box 27, Folder 4
 
Mass Spectrometer Tests, December 1971-January 1972. Box 27, Folder 5
 
Detecting N in CO and CO2 Atmosphere, September 1972-February 1973. Box 27, Folder 6
 
Atmospheric Explorer, C, D, E, November 1972-November 1975. Box 27, Folder 7
 
Rocket Flights, May 1973-October 1980. Box 27, Folder 8
 
Venus Pioneer, May 1973-April 1979. Box 27, Folder 9
 
Post-Viking and Other Missions (Comets), October 1973-May 1981. Box 27, Folder 10
 
FT Rockets, August 1974-January 1980. Box 27, Folder 11
 
Atomic Nitrogen; Research Notes, 1975. Box 27, Folder 12
 
Atmospheric Explorer C, D, and E, November 1975-October 1979. Box 27, Folder 13
 
Viking III, January 1976-March 1978. Box 27, Folder 14
 
Miscellaneous Meetings, January 1977-February 1983. Box 27, Folder 15
 
First Titanium Mass Spectrometer, March 1977-June 1979. Box 27, Folder 16
 
Rocket Mass Spectrometer, February-December 1978. Box 27, Folder 17
 
Rocket, January-July 1980. Box 27, Folder 18
 
2.5 Inch Titanium Mass Spectrometer, January 1978-September 1989. Box 27, Folder 19
 
Small Volume Studies, October 1980-June 1981. Box 27, Folder 20
 
2.5 Inch Ion Spectrometer, January-November 1981. Box 27, Folder 21
 
3.75" Instruments, November 1981-October 1985. Box 27, Folder 22
 
Minmass, March 1982-December 1984. Box 27, Folder 23
 
Mass Spectrometer, Minmass; Miscellaneous Notes, 1982, 1983, undated. Box 27, Folder 24
 
Molecular Beam Inlet System, April 1983-April 1988. Box 27, Folder 25
 
Miscellaneous Notes, Fall 1983, August 1984, 1985. Box 27, Folder 26
 
3.75 Inch Instrument, December 1984-November 1985. Box 27, Folder 27
 
French Research Trip, July 1985. Box 27, Folder 28
 
Los Alamos, 1986-1992. Box 27, Folder 29
 
Cosmic Abundance of Matter Symposium, U of M; Notes, August 15-18, 1988. Box 27, Folder 30
 
Lectures and Talks, 1920-1994. (1 box)  
Note In addition the Correspondence Section contains a folder labeled "Nuclear Energy Talks," and the Viking materials include a folder titled "Post-Landing Talks." Arranged chronologically.
Box 28
Lunar Pyroxene; Research and Talk, 1993-1994. Box 28, Folder 1
 
Mass Spectroscopy; Early Reprints, 1920s-1930s. Box 28, Folder 2
 
Mass Spectrometry Lectures, References, Reprints, 1935, 1938, 1950-1963, 1967, 1971, 1974, 1984, 1986, 1987. Box 28, Folder 3
 
Mass Spectrometry, Consolidated Group.  
Box 28
Reprints, 1944-1958. Box 28, Folder 4
 
Correspondence, 1945, 1957. Box 28, Folder 4
 
Notes, undated.  Box 28, Folder 4
 
Mass Spectronomy, Manhattan Project Related; Scattered Materials, 1946, 1948, 1968, 1985. Box 28, Folder 5
 
NASA, Viking Mass Spectronomy; Nier Reprints, 1972, 1976-1977. Box 28, Folder 6
 
Nuclear Energy, Problems; Correspondence, 1975, 1977, 1980-1981.  Box 28, Folder 7
 
Technical Speeches I, 1938-1955. Box 28, Folder 8
 
Technical Speeches II, 1956-1973. Box 28, Folder 9
 
Atomic Energy, 1947, 1950, 1953, 1961, 1963, 1968. Box 28, Folder 10
 
Speeches, Non-Technical, 1953-1961, 1975. Box 28, Folder 11
 
Upper Atmosphere Talks, 1962-1971. Box 28, Folder 12
 
Planetary Exploration.  
Box 28
Speeches I, 1970-1983. Box 28, Folder 13
 
Speeches II, 1984-1989. Box 28, Folder 14
 
Visual Aids, undated. Box 28, Folder 14
 
Atmospheric Explorer; Talks, Notes, 1974-1975. Box 28, Folder 15
 
Mass Spectrometry, History.  
Box 28
Materials, 1977. Box 28, Folder 16
 
Talks, 1983. Box 28, Folder 16
 
Mass Spectrometry Lectures.  
Box 28
Notes and Outlines, 1983-1992, undated. Box 28, Folder 17
 
Visual Aids, undated. Box 28, Folder 18
 
Class materials, 1938-1992. (2 boxes)  
Note Arranged chronologically.
Box 29
Physics 7, 8, 9; Quizzes and Exams, 1938-1941, 1948. Box 29, Folder 1
 
Physics, Experimental, Fall 1939-1940. Box 29, Folder 2
 
Physics 100-102, 1945-1962. Box 29, Folder 3
 
Physics 101, 1945-1963. Box 29, Folder 4
Note Class Materials, quizzes and exams.
 
Physics 103, 1946-1955. Box 29, Folder 5
 
Physics 105, 1946-1959. Box 29, Folder 6
 
Physics; Special Examinations, 1947-1951. Box 29, Folder 7
 
Physics; Master's Examination, 1948-1959. Box 29, Folder 8
 
Physics, Intermediate Electricity and magnetism, 1948-1967. Box 29, Folder 9
 
Mass Spectrometer, 1948-1968. Box 29, Folder 10
 
Physics 102, 1950-1959. Box 29, Folder 11
 
Mass Spectrometer Seminar, 1953, 1959-1960, 1962-1963, undated. Box 29, Folder 12
 
Physics Seminar on Theory of Quantum Mechanics, Spring Quarter, 1954. Box 29, Folder 13
 
Physics 14, 1960. Box 29, Folder 14
 
Physics 100, 1961-1962. Box 29, Folder 15
 
Physics, Elementary Wave Motion and Optics; Notes and Class Materials, 1961, 1966, 1971-1972, 1974. Box 29, Folder 16
 
Nolte Center for Continuing Education, New Worlds of Knowledge Program; Correspondence and Course Materials, 1962-1968. Box 29, Folder 17
 
Physics Courses; Assorted Quizzes and Exams, 1962-1963, 1968, 1970-1971. Box 29, Folder 18
 
Physics 255, 1964-1965. Box 29, Folder 19
 
Physics Department, Graduate Written Exam; Exams, Correspondence, 1965-1978. Box 29, Folder 20
 
Physics 22 and Physics 1281; Quizzes and Exams, 1966-1968, 1972-1973, 1975, 1977, 1978 Box 29, Folder 21
 
Physics 21 and Physics 1271; Quizzes and Exams, 1966-1979. Box 29, Folder 22
Box 30
Physics 23, 1220, 1-291; Quizzes and Exams, 1967-1978. Box 30, Folder 1
 
Physics, UCLA Mass Spectrometry Course; Correspondence and Materials, 1967-1968, 1973, 1982 Box 30, Folder 2
 
Physics Course, Relativity, 1970. Box 30, Folder 3
 
Physics 3-500, Winter Quarter, 1971. Box 30, Folder 4
 
Physics 1281; Class Materials, Quizzes and Exams I, 1972-1978. Box 30, Folder 5
 
Physics 1281; Class Materials, Quizzes and Exams II, 1972, 1978. Box 30, Folder 6
 
Physics 1291; Lectures and Class Materials, 1973-1978. Box 30, Folder 7
 
Physics 1271, Spring 1979. Box 30, Folder 8
 
Mass Spectrometer Seminar, 1984, 1985. Box 30, Folder 9
 
Physics Department, Honors Program, Atoms, Planets, and Cosmology; Class Materials and Correspondence, 1985-1986. Box 30, Folder 10
 
Mass Spectronomy Lecture, Physics Honors Class, 1987-1991. Box 30, Folder 11
 
Mass Spectronomy Lectures, The Complete Scholar, 1991-1992. Box 30, Folder 12
 
Physics 171; Problem Sets, undated. Box 30, Folder 13
 
Physics 1271; Problems, undated. Box 30, Folder 14
 
Slides, 1940-1982. (3 boxes)  
 
Assorted Slide boxes.  
Box 31
Churchill, 1970. Box 31, Folder 1
 
Miscellaneous, undated.  Box 31, Folder 1
 
Minmass, Lunar Data, and Other, undated. Box 31, Folder 2
 
Pioneer Venus, Stratosphere, Halley Mission, Voyager Mission, undated. Box 31, Folder 3
 
Atmospheric Explorer and Unlabeled, undated. Box 31, Folder 4
Box 32
Mars, Viking, Toronto, circa 1970s. Box 32, Folder 1
 
Rockets, Other, undated. Box 32, Folder 2
 
Early Work, Harvard Work Misc. Work, 1940-1950. Box 32, Folder 3
 
Masses, 1950-1960. Box 32, Folder 3
 
Aeorobee, Other, circa 1960s. Box 32, Folder 4
 
Entry Science Team, Mars, circa 1970s. Box 32, Folder 5
 
Miscellaneous, 1950s. Box 32, Folder 6
 
Toronto, Atmospheric Explorer, Comet Studies, Beam Studies, undated. Box 32, Folder 6
 
Lab, 1982. Box 32, Folder 6
Box 33
Lantern Slides, Assortment, Some Harvard Period, Bainbridge, Common Lead, Early Years, undated. Box 33, Folder 1
 
Lantern Slides, Assortment, undated. Box 33, Folder 2
 
Photographs and negatives, 1935-1970s. (1 box)  
Box 34
Letter box 1, circa 1940s-1950s. Box 34, Folder 1
Note Variety of Mass Spectrometers for a number of analytical applications, meteorites, geochronology, atomic energy, medicine.
 
Letter box 2, circa 1950's. Box 34, Folder 2
 
Letter box 3, circa 1950s-1970s. Box 34, Folder 3
 
Pre-World War II Mass Spectrometers, 1935-1941, undated. Box 34, Folder 4
 
World War II Mass Spectrometers Manhattan Project, circa 1942-1945. Box 34, Folder 5
 
Early Post-World War II Mass Spectrometers, undated. Box 34, Folder 6
 
Data, Oversize, 1978-1989. (5 boxes)  
Box 35
2.5 Inch Instrument; Graphs, June 25, 1978-February 21, 1980. Box 35, Folder 1
 
SI Mass Spectrometer; Graphs, December 1978-January 1979. Box 35, Folder 2
 
2.5 Inch Machine; Graphs and Printouts, March 24-October 16, 1980. Box 35, Folder 3
 
Multiple Gain Curves; Plots and Graphs, Summer 1980. Box 35, Folder 4
 
Miscellaneous 2.5. Inch Spectra Ready for Publication; Graphs, September 18-October 27, 1980. Box 35, Folder 5
 
2.5. Inch Small Volume Studies; Graphs, October 26-December 3, 1982. Box 35, Folder 6
Box 36
Molecular Beam Inlet System; Graphs, November 19, 1982-February 24, 1983.  Box 36, Folder 1
 
Molecular Beam Inlet Peak Counts; Data Printouts, March 23-April 19, 1983. Box 36, Folder 2
 
3.75 Inch Minmass 2 Spectra; Graphs, November 1, 1983-November 19, 1984. Box 36, Folder 3
 
Minmass 3; Graphs and Printouts, February 3, 1984-August 11, 1986. Box 36, Folder 4
 
Minmass 3, Geologic Studies; Graphs, February 7-June 1, 1984. Box 36, Folder 5
Box 37
Cosmic Dust Studies; H-P Computer Printouts, November 20, 1984-February 7, 1985. Box 37, Folder 1
 
Cosmic Dust Studies; Graphs, November 20, 1984-February 15, 1985. Box 37, Folder 2
 
Molecular Beam Spectra; Graphs, February 11-March 20, 1985, December 11, 1986-October 2, 1989. Box 37, Folder 3
 
Solid Source Spectra; Graphs, November 11-December 5, 1985. Box 37, Folder 4
 
Solid Source; Data Printouts, November 14, 1985. Box 37, Folder 5
 
Lunar Dust Studies; Printouts, December 20, 1985-October 29, 1986. Box 37, Folder 6
Box 38
Atmospheric Explorer, circa 1970s. (5 cassette tapes)  Box 38, Folder 1
Note Probably computer back-up files.
 
Atmospheric Explorer?; Data Printouts, undated. Box 38, Folder 2
Box 39
Billig; Data and Graphs, 1979. Box 39, Folder 1
 
Materials Removed from Jumbled Notebooks; Data and Printouts, circa 1970s. Box 39, Folder 2
 
Data and Graphs, 1979-1980. Box 39, Folder 3