Minnesota Poliomyelitis Research
Committee papers, circa 1940s-1970s
Research Committee papers
Minnesota Poliomyelitis Research Committee
2 boxes (2.6
Collection contains the
records of polio research conducted by the University of Minnesota under the
auspices of the Minnesota Poliomyelitis Research Committee, which was funded by
the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis.
Minnesota Libraries. University Archives
Access and Use
The collection was deposited in University Archives in multiple
donations from 1962-1989.
Access to this collection is restricted due to the inclusion of
Items in this collection do not circulate and may be used in-house
Requests for permission to quote from the Minnesota Poliomyelitis
Research Committee papers should be arranged with the University of Minnesota
Minnesota Poliomyelitis Research Committee papers, University of
In the 1940's, the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis (NFIP),
also known as the March of Dimes and founded by Franklin D. Roosevelt, awarded
funds to the University of Minnesota for polio research. Because of the polio
epidemic sweeping the nation, and especially Minnesota, the NFIP, which usually
worked with local chapters, made available special funds to be administered by
a coordinating service committee to combat the emergency in the affected area.
The Minnesota Poliomyelitis Research Committee was established and chaired by
Dr. Maurice Visscher, head of the department of physiology at the University of
Various faculty members in the University's Medical School and School
of Public Health were involved in studies investigating the causes and
treatment of polio. They include Ancel Keys (physiological hygiene), Cecil
Watson (medicine), Elexious T. Bell (pathology), Ernst Gellhorn
(neurophysiology), Irvine McQuarrie (pediatrics), Raymond Bieter
(pharmacology), Gaylord Anderson (public health), Berry Campbell (anatomy),
Maurice Visscher (physiology) and A.B. Baker (neurology).
An extensive survey of polio patients was also conduced, which led to
the report by the Minnesota Poliomyelitis Research Commission, "A Partial
Statistical Survey of the 1946 Poliomyelitis Epidemic in Minnesota with Some
Details on Cases Hospitalized in Minneapolis Hospitals."
Collection Scope and Content Note
The collection contains records of research conducted on polio.
Materials include correspondence, reports, memos, patient records,
questionnaires and research materials. Also contained in the collection are
materials relating to Sister Elizabeth Kenny, patient surveys and the report,
"A Partial Statistical Survey of the 1946 Poliomyelitis Epidemic in Minnesota
with Some Details on Cases Hospitalized in Minneapolis Hospitals."
Gaylord Anderson papers
Raymond N. Bieter papers
A finding aid with a contents list is available in University
- This collection is indexed under the following headings in the catalog
of the University of Minnesota Libraries. Researchers desiring materials about
related topics, persons or places should search the catalog using these
Gaylord West, 1901-
- Baker, A.
B. (Abe Bert), 1908-
- Bell, E. T.
(Elexious Thompson), 1880-1963
Raymond Nicholas, 1900-1990
- Keys, Ancel
Maurice B., 1901-1983
Cecil J (Cecil James) 1901-
Poliomyelitis Research Committee -- Archives
- Poliomyelitis --