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Margaret R. Fox Papers, 1935-1976. Finding Aid.

Summary Information
Title: Margaret R. Fox papers
Dates: 1935-1976
Creator: Fox, Margaret R.
Extent: 9 boxes (8.25 cubic feet)
Language: English
Collection Number: CBI 45
Abstract:
Collection contains records collected by Margaret Fox in an effort to document some of the early computer development activities of NBS. The collection contains reports, including the original report on the ENIAC, UNIVAC, and many early in-house National Bureau of Standards (NBS) activity reports, memoranda on SEAC, SWAC, and DYSEAC, seminar and conference materials--including Samuel Alexander's notes from the Moore School of Engineering course, "Theory and techniques for design of electronic digital computers" (known as the "Moore School Lectures")--a history of SEAC, DYSEAC, and SWAC, programming instructions for the UNIVAC, LARC, and MIDAC, patent evaluations and disclosures relevant to computers, system descriptions, speeches and articles written by Margaret Fox's colleagues, and correspondence of Alexander, Fox, and Williams, as well as that of several NBS offices.

Repository: University of Minnesota Libraries. Charles Babbage Institute.

Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

The records were given to the Charles Babbage Institute by Margaret Fox in 1988, 1991 and 1993.

Access Restrictions:

Access to the collection is unrestricted.

Copyright:

The Charles Babbage Institute holds the copyright to all materials in the collection, except for items covered by a prior copyright (such as published materials). Researchers may quote from the collection under the fair use provisions of the copyright law (Title 17, U.S. Code).

Preferred Citation:

Margaret R. Fox Papers (CBI 45), Charles Babbage Institute, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis.


Arrangement

The files appeared to have been originally arranged by subject, but this order was impossible to restore because they were received in disarray. The collection is arranged into the following twelve artificially created series:

  • Boards, Committees, and Councils, 1950-1966
  • Classes, Conferences, Seminars, and Symposia, 1944-1969
  • Correspondence, 1935-1976
  • National Bureau of Standards (NBS), 1946-1967
  • Photographs, 1947-1958
  • Projects, 1939-1976
  • Proposals, 1948-1963
  • Reports, 1944-1976
  • Speeches and Articles, 1946-1969.
  • Systems Descriptions and Manuals, 1942-1965.
  • Patent Evaluations and Disclosures, 1937-1959.
  • Naval Ordnance Laboratory Records, 1947-1958.

Biography of Margaret R. Fox

Margaret R. Fox graduated from Wisconsin State College in 1940. She joined the U.S. Naval Reserve in 1943 and was stationed at the Naval Research Station in Washington. She continued to work there as an electronics engineer in radar after her discharge in 1946. In 1951 she joined the National Bureau of Standards as a member of the technical staff of the Electronic Computer Laboratory. Later, she joined the Research Information Center and Advisory Service on Information Processing (RICASIP) where she was involved in producing reviews and bibliographies. From 1966 to 1975 Fox was chief of the Office of Computer Information in the NBS Institute for Computer Science and Technology.

Fox was involved in several professional groups, especially the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), and the American Federation for Information Processing Societies (AFIPS). She was the first secretary of AFIPS.

Samuel N. Alexander received his A.B. and B.S. from the University of Oklahoma in 1931, and earned his M.S. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1933. He was a laboratory engineer for Simplex Wire & Cable Company, a physicist in electronic instrumentation for the Navy, and senior project engineer for Bendix Aviation Corporation, before coming to the National Bureau of Standards in 1946. There he was chief of the Electronic Computer Laboratory, 1946-1954; head of Data Processing Systems Division, 1954-1964; and head of the Information Technology Division, 1964 until his death in 1967.

He worked on development of input-output devices for use with electronic computers and wrote specifications for and supervised the procurement of the UNIVAC computer. When delivery of this computer was delayed by design problems, he was assigned to direct the design and assembly of the NBS Interim Computer, later named SEAC. He also directed the development and design of DYSEAC.

Alexander was a member of several advisory groups and acted as special consultant to many U.S. government agencies. He also acted as consultant to the government of Sweden, in 1956, and India, in 1957. He was a member of numerous professional societies, including the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), the American Documentation Institute, the Institute of Electric and Electronic Engineers (IEEE), and the Washington Academy of Sciences.

Samuel B. Williams helped develop a complex number computer for Bell Laboratories in 1938. In 1946, he retired from Bell Laboratories to become a consultant in computing. He was a consultant to NBS from 1952 to 1959 and reviewed the BIZMAC system, advised the Bureau on costs, accuracy, and other aspects of various systems, and recruited other consultants for the government. He also was loaned as consultant to several other government agencies during this time.

Williams was an early president of the Association for Computing Machinery (1952-1954).

In 1946 the National Bureau of Standards (NBS) became involved in research on the basic components of computers to assist the federal government in the development of computer projects. In 1947 NBS was asked to provide the specifications and negotiate with manufacturers for the purchase of computers by other government agencies. The Electronic Computers Section was the group within NBS that was responsible for the planning, design, and fabrication of prototype digital computing devices. In 1948 the Air Force requested that NBS embark on a crash development program for a modest computer system, designated the NBS Interim Computer. This Interim Computer, renamed SEAC (Standards Eastern Automatic Computer), went into operation in April 1950. It was the fastest, general purpose, internally sequenced, electronic computer in operation at the time. Later, NBS designed the DYSEAC, one of the first full-scale transportable digital computers.

The Office of Technical Services was established in 1950 to collect, publicize, and disseminate technical information. By mid-1954, numerical data were being processed on a large scale in federal agencies, and NBS responded by establishing the Data Processing Systems Division, formed from the Electronic Computers Section. One of its purposes was to provide an information center for the government on electronic computing and data processing techniques. Many studies were undertaken on the application of computers to agencies' problems, including patent indexing, mail processing, and radioactive fallout prediction.

In 1958, the Research Information Center and Advisory Service on Information Processing (RICASIP) was established at NBS, to be operated jointly by NBS and the National Science Foundation. In addition to providing advisory services on information processing and research, it also published reviews of programs as state-of-the-art reports and specialized bibliographies on selected subjects.

The Information Technology Division was established in 1964. This Division was responsible for the planning, development, and assembly of a large scale data processor for investigating problems unique to government. In 1965 the Center for Computer Sciences and Technology was formally established within the Institute for Applied Technology, by combining the staffs of the former Information Technology Division and the Computation Laboratory. The Center was the organizational unit responsible for providing technical assistance to other government agencies, supporting establishment of voluntary commercial standards, and recommending uniform federal standards for automatic data processing equipment and computer languages. It was divided into two divisions in 1966, one of which was the Office of Computer Information headed by Margaret Fox.


Collection Scope and Content Note

The records in this collection were collected by Margaret Fox in an effort to document some of the early computer development activities of the National Bureau of Standards. Fox worked under Samuel N. Alexander and preserved some of his files, as well as those of Samuel B. Williams, a consultant to the Bureau.

The collection contains reports, including the original report on the ENIAC, UNIVAC, and many early in-house National Bureau of Standards (NBS) activity reports; memoranda on SEAC, SWAC, and DYSEAC; seminar and conference materials--including Samuel Alexander's notes from the Moore School of Engineering course, "Theory and techniques for design of electronic digital computers" (known as the "Moore School Lectures")--a history of SEAC, DYSEAC, and SWAC; programming instructions for the UNIVAC, LARC, and MIDAC; patent evaluations and disclosures relevant to computers; system descriptions; speeches and articles written by Margaret Fox's colleagues; and correspondence of Samuel Alexander, Margaret Fox, and Samuel Williams, as well as that of several NBS offices.

The correspondence of Williams includes some Association for Computing Machinery and American Federation of Information Processing Societies correspondence. The collection also contains a scrapbook of snapshots of personnel from the Electronic Computer Laboratory in 1950, and photographs of Alexander and Harry H. Goode. Also included are Naval Ordnance Laboratory records such as memoranda, contract proposals, and a 1954 report from the Office of Naval Research Computing Machine Components Program.

Some reports and publications have been removed to more appropriate collections. In numbering folders in box 8, the number 4 was inadvertently skipped.

Subject Terms
Index Terms
  • This collection is indexed under the following headings in the catalog of the University of Minnesota Libraries. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons, or places should search the catalog using these headings.
  • Alexander, Samuel N.
  • Fox, Margaret R.
  • Goode, Harry H.
  • Williams, Samuel B., (Samuel Byron), 1881-1966.
  • American Federation of Information Processing Societies.
  • Association for Computing Machinery.
  • Electronic Control Company.
  • Naval Ordnance Laboratory (Corona, Calif.)
  • Naval Ordnance Laboratory (White Oak, Md.)
  • United States. National Bureau of Standards.
  • Computer engineering.
  • Computers--History.
  • Computer programming.
  • DYSEAC computer.
  • EDVAC (Computer)
  • LARC (Computer)
  • MIDAC computer
  • Seac computer.
  • Swac computer.
  • Univac computer.
Box and Folder List
 Location  Title
 
Boards, Committees, and Councils, 1950-1966 
Note This series contains minutes, correspondence, reports and related material from boards and committees of outside organizations and NBS councils.
 
Miscellaneous boards and committees  
Box 9
American Institute of Electrical Engineers. Committee on Computing Devices and subcommittees list, 1956. Box 9, Folder 19
Box 5
Ad Hoc Committee on National Bureau of Standards (NBS) Data Dissemination Programs, 1961. Box 5, Folder 22
 
Interagency Committee on Automatic Data Processing, 1957-1960. Box 5, Folder 18
 
Moore School Advisory Board on Information Retrieval, 1962. Box 5, Folder 23
 
Mathematics and Computer Sciences Research and Advisory Committee, 1964-1965. Box 5, Folder 28
 
Ad Hoc Interagency Group for the Assessment of the Rosser report, 1965-1966. Box 5, Folder 35-36
Box 4
Advanced Logistics Course, 1956. Box 4, Folder 4
Box 5
Advisory Panel on Information Systems and Services report, 1966. Box 5, Folder 37
 
National Bureau of Standards (NBS) councils, 1950-1951 
Box 7
Applied Mathematics Advisory Council, 1950-1951. Box 7, Folder 34
 
Applied Mathematics Executive Council Minutes, 1950. Box 7, Folder 35
 
Classes, Conferences, Seminars, and Symposia, 1944-1969 
Note This series contains agendas, attendee lists, brochures, papers, correspondence, and other related materials. This series is arranged roughly alphabetically.
 
Advisory Group for Aeronautical Research and Development (AGARD)  
Box 5
Avionics Panel Symposium Report, 1956. Box 5, Folder 7
 
AGARD: Avionics Panel Symposia, 1956-1965. Box 5, Folder 24-27
Box 8
AGARD, 1959-1960. Box 8, Folder 31
Box 4
Air Materiel Command: "Introduction to Automatic Data Processing Systems," 1955.  Box 4, Folder 27-28
Note  Developed by NBS.
Box 5
American Documentation Institute: Annual Meeting, 1956. Box 5, Folder 13
 
American Institute of Electrical Engineers, 1951-1955. Box 5, Folder 2
 
American Institute of Electrical Engineers, 1957. Box 5, Folder 14
 
American Institute of Industrial Engineers Conference, 1956. Box 5, Folder 9
Box 4
American Management Association: "Continuing Research Seminar on Integrated Data Processing," 1955-1956. Box 4, Folder 30
Box 8
American Management Association: "Continuing Research Seminar on Automatic Data Processing," 1956. Box 8, Folder 24
Box 4
American University: "Advanced Design and Use of Modern Computing Machinery, " 1954. Box 4, Folder 25
 
American University: "Second Institute on Electronics in Management," 1956. Box 4, Folder 31
Box 8
American University: "Third Institute on Electronics in Management," 1956. Box 8, Folder 25
Box 4
Army Signal School, Automatic Data Processing Course, 1957. Box 4, Folder 35
Box 5
ARDC: Symposium on the Use of Computers in Medicine, 1956. Box 5, Folder 11
Box 4
Association of Computing Machinery (ACM), 1947-1963. Box 4, Folder 41-42
 
A Brief Course on Automatic Computation, 1949. Box 4, Folder 16
Box 5
Celebration of American Patent System, 1961. Box 5, Folder 20
Box 4
Civil Service Commission: "Senior Management Intern Program," "Junior Management Intern Program," 1956. Box 4, Folder 32
 
Columbia University: "Digital Techniques, " 1956. Box 4, Folder 33
Box 5
Computer Scientist Exchange with USSR, 1959. Box 5, Folder 19
Box 4
Computer Seminar, 1954. Box 4, Folder 24
Box 8
Computer Seminar Notes, NBS, 1954. Box 8, Folder 21
Box 5
Conference of the American Society for Public Administration, 1961. Box 5, Folder 21
 
Conference of the Mathematical Computing Advisory Panel, 1946. Box 5, Folder 3
 
Conference on the Selection and Procurement of Computer Systems by the Federal Government, 1969. Box 5, Folder 38
Box 4
Continuing Research Seminar on Integrated Data Processing, 1957. Box 4, Folder 37
 
Data Processing Systems Division: "Basic Computer Training Material," 1950-1953. Box 4, Folder 23-24
 
Department of Defense: "IBM Data Processing Seminar," 1959. Box 4, Folder 38
Box 5
Department of Defense Special Conference: Automatic Data Processing Systems in Supply and Logistics, 1956. Box 5, Folder 8
 
Fourth International Instruments and Measurements Conference, 1956. Box 5, Folder 12
Box 8
Fourth International Instruments and Measurements Conference, 1956. Box 8, Folder 27
Box 4
Fundamentals of Data Processing and an Introduction to Computer Programming, circa 1961. Box 4, Folder 39
Box 5
ICIREPAT (an international patent association) Conference, 1963-1964. Box 5, Folder 29-34
 
Institute for Radio Engineers, 1952-1953. Box 5, Folder 1
 
Harvard Symposium on Large Scale Digital Calculating Machinery, 1949. Box 5, Folder 5
Box 4
High Speed Circuits Group Meeting, 1944. Box 4, Folder 15
Box 8
Informal Seminar of Mechanized Search, 1956. Box 8, Folder 30
Box 5
Insurance, Accounting, and Statistical Association, 1957. Box 5, Folder 17
Box 4
Management Intern Program, 1957. Box 4, Folder 36
Box 5
Massachusetts Institute of Technology: Endicott House Conference, 1956. Box 5, Folder 10
 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology: Data Processing and Management Information, 1957. Box 5, Folder 16
Box 4
Miscellaneous agendas, 1956. Box 4, Folder 40
 
Moore School Lectures: "Theory and Techniques for Design of Electronic Digital Computers," 1946. Box 4, Folder 14
Box 8
Moore School Lectures: "Theory and Techniques for Design of Electronic Digital Computers," 1946. Box 8, Folder 34
Box 4
NBS: Data Processing Seminar, 1955. Box 4, Folder 26
Box 8
1958 International Conference on Scientific Information: Preliminary Planning Committee, Advisory Group No. 4, 1958. Box 8, Folder 29
Box 4
Naval Research Reserve Seminar, 1957. Box 4, Folder 34
Box 8
Notes for a Course on "Introduction to Automatic Data Processing Systems," NBS, 1955. Box 8, Folder 22
 
Office of Naval Research: Second Annual Conference of Human Engineers, 1954. Box 8, Folder 20
 
Purdue University Computer Research Program. Symposium I, 1956. Box 8, Folder 23
Box 9
Peoples Gas: "Electronic Digital Computing Systems," Syllabus, 1955. Box 9
Box 4
Raytheon Manufacturing Company: "ONR-SDC Computer Training Program," 1952. Box 4, Folder 18-21
Box 5
Radio-Electronics-Television Manufacturers Association, 1957. Box 5, Folder 15
Box 8
A Symposium on Williams Electrostatic Storage, 1951-1952. Box 8, Folder 28
Box 4
Treasury Department, Magnetic Recording of Savings Bonds Operations, 1951. Box 4, Folder 17
 
UCLA Symposia on Modern Calculating Machinery and Numerical Methods, 1948. Box 5, Folder 4
 
Western Reserve University Conference, 1955. Box 5, Folder 6
 
Correspondence, 1935-1976  
Note The correspondence series includes that of Sam Alexander, Margaret Fox, and S. B. Williams, as well as that of several NBS offices. The correspondence of Williams includes his ACM records as president; the Fox correspondence includes some ACM and AFIPS correspondence. NBS folders are arranged numerically by division number and the correspondence of individuals is arranged alphabetically by surname.
Box 1
NBS Procedural Memoranda, 1948-1959. Box 1, Folder 13
 
NBS Procedural Memoranda, 1960-1974. Box 1, Folder 14
 
Unidentified NBS sections, 1946-1960. Box 1, Folder 15
 
Unidentified NBS sections, 1961-1975. Box 1, Folder 16
 
Partial documents, circa 1947-1960. Box 1, Folder 17
 
National Applied Mathematics Laboratory, Division 11.0, 1947-1956. Box 1, Folder 18
 
Research Information Center and Advisory Service on Information Processing (RICASIP), Division 12.0, 1963-1965. Box 1, Folder 19
 
Data Processing Systems Division 12.5, 1954-1964, 1970. Box 1, Folder 20
Box 7
Data Processing Systems Division: Council on Library Resources Grants, 1964. Box 7, Folder 26
Box 1
Center for Computer Sciences and Technology (CCST), Division 450, 1965. Box 1, Folder 22
 
Center for Computer Sciences and Technology (CCST), Division 450, 1966-1971, 1974. Box 1, Folder 21
 
Technical Information Exchange (TIE), Division 452, 1968-1971. Box 1, Folder 23
 
Office of Computer Information, Division 620, 1965-1974. Box 1, Folder 24
 
Samuel N. Alexander, 1946-1957. Box 1, Folder 25
Box 8
Samuel N. Alexander, 1954-1961. Box 8, Folder 33
Box 1
Samuel N. Alexander, 1958-1963. Box 1, Folder 26
 
Samuel N. Alexander, 1964-1967. Box 1, Folder 27
Box 8
Samuel N. Alexander, American Documentation Institute, Auxiliary Demand Publications, 1935-1956. Box 8, Folder 32
Box 1
Samuel N. Alexander, President's Science Advisory Committee, 1959-1960. Box 1, Folder 28
 
Samuel N. Alexander, IEEE Fellowship Nominations, 1962-1966. Box 1, Folder 29
 
A. V. Astin, 1953-1966. Box 1, Folder 11
 
E. U. Condon, 1949. Box 1, Folder 10
 
Ruth Davis, 1971. Box 1, Folder 12
 
Margaret Fox, 1969-1975. Box 1, Folder 30
 
Margaret Fox, ACM, 1963-1973. Box 1, Folder 31
 
Margaret Fox, AFIPS, 1962-1976. Box 2, Folder 1
Box 8
Samuel B. Williams, 1946-1950. Box 8, Folder 35
Box 2
Samuel B. Williams, consultant to NBS, 1952. Box 2, Folder 2
 
Samuel B. Williams, consultant to NBS, 1953. Box 2, Folder 3
 
Samuel B. Williams, consultant to NBS, 1954. Box 2, Folder 4
 
Samuel B. Williams, consultant to NBS, 1955. Box 2, Folder 5
 
Samuel B. Williams, consultant to NBS, 1956-1959. Box 2, Folder 6
 
Samuel B. Williams, ACM President, December 1952 - April 1953. Box 2, Folder 7
 
Samuel B. Williams, ACM President, May 1953 - August 1953. Box 2, Folder 8
 
Samuel B. Williams, ACM President, attendance reports and membership lists, 1948-1952. Box 2, Folder 9
Box 8
Miscellaneous correspondence: John von Neumann, Letter to the editor of the New York Times regarding high speed automatic computing, 1954. Box 8, Folder 46
 
National Bureau of Standards (NBS), 1946-1967 
 
Activity Reports, 1946-1964 
Note These NBS activity reports were for internal use. Annual reports are followed by monthly. The reports are arranged numerically by division number.
Box 1
National Applied Mathematics Laboratory, Division 11.0, Five Year Report, 1953. Box 1, Folder 2
 
National Applied Mathematics Laboratory projects, Division 11.0, 1962. Box 1, Folder 3
 
Data Processing Systems projects, Division 12, 1952-1957. Box 1, Folder 4
 
Data Processing Systems projects, Division 12, 1958-1961. Box 1, Folder 5
 
Data Processing Systems projects, Division 12, 1962-1963. Box 1, Folder 6
 
Electronics Section projects, Division 13.0, 1946-1947. Box 1, Folder 7
 
NBS Monthly Activity Reports, 1948-1953. Box 1, Folder 8
 
Division 12.3 Monthly Activity Report, June 1953. Box 1, Folder 9
 
Electronics Section monthly activity report, Division 13.0, January 1952. Box 1, Folder 9
 
Research Information Center and Advisory Service on Information Processing (RICASIP) Monthly Activity Reports, Division 423.0, 1964. Box 1, Folder 10
 
NBS Monthly Progress Reports, Data Processing Division, 1958-1961. Box 1, Folder 11
 
NBS Progress Reports, Construction of Digital Computing Machines, 1946-1947. Box 1, Folder 12
 
Organizational Charts and Mission Statements, circa 1955-1967 Box 1, Folder 1
 
Personnel Lists, 1966-1967 
Box 2
Staffing plan for OPIS, 1966.  Box 2, Folder 13
 
Center for Computer Sciences and Technology, 1967. Box 2, Folder 13
 
Photographs, 1947-1958 
Note The photographs include a scrapbook of snapshots of personnel from the Electronic Computer Laboratory in 1950, and photographs of Sam Alexander and Harry H. Goode.
Box 6
NBS Punched Card Transcriber undated. Box 6, Folder 47
 
Division 11 and 12.3 personnel, November 7, 1950. Box 6, Folder 48
 
Samuel N. Alexander, circa 1958. Box 6, Folder 49
 
Harry H. Goode, undated. Box 6, Folder 50
 
Bell Labs Computers and Personnel, 1947. Box 6, Folder 51
 
Projects, 1939-1976 
Note The projects files include proposals, reports, correspondence, and other materials directly related to a major project. The projects have been arranged alphabetically. Some projects overlap, such as the Bibliographic project, CHAOTIC, and TIE. The Patent Office Study was actually a series of studies, but has been included under one name. This series also includes the original material on the UNIVAC, NBS Interim Computer (later SEAC), EDVAC, ENIAC, DYSEAC, and SWAC. Material related to projects may also be found in Correspondence and System Descriptions and Manuals.
Box 2
ACSI-MATIC, 1958-1961. Box 2, Folder 17
 
ASCII as a federal standard, 1965-1966. Box 2, Folder 18
 
Automatic Data Processing Interagency Committee, 1958-1972. Box 2, Folder 19-20
 
Bibliographic project, 1947-1964. Box 2, Folder 21
 
Bibliographic project, bibliography and brochure, 1961.  Box 2, Folder 22
 
Forms survey, 1969. Box 2, Folder 22
 
Bibliographic project, input sheets, 1974. Box 2, Folder 23-24
 
BINAC, 1949. Box 2, Folder 25
 
BIZMAC, 1956-1957. Box 2, Folder 26
 
Cathode Ray tube, circa 1950-1952. Box 2, Folder 27
 
CHAOTIC, bibliographic cataloging system, 1964-1973. Box 2, Folder 28
 
CUSAC, 1966-1970. Box 2, Folder 29-32
 
DYRO Data Processor, 1950. Box 2, Folder 33
 
DYSEAC, 1952-1954. Box 2, Folder 34-36
Box 8
EDVAC, 1947-1948. Box 8, Folder 1
 
EDVAC Diagrams, 1947. Box 8, Folder 2
Box 3
EDVAC, 1946-1950. Box 3, Folder 2
 
ENIAC, 1944-1946. Box 3, Folder 3
Box 8
ENIAC Maintenance, NBS, 1946-1947. Box 8, Folder 10
Box 3
Fallout predictor, 1958. Box 3, Folder 4
Box 7
High Speed Circuits Technical Planning Group, NBS, 1948-1949. Box 7, Folder 25
Box 3
Hood College cooperative program for computer science training, 1966-1970. Box 3, Folder 5-9
 
Massachusetts General Hospital computer project, 1962-1966. Box 3, Folder 10-13
 
Moore School parallel-sequential computer, 1954. Box 3, Folder 14
 
NBS Interim Computer/SEAC  
Box 7
Computer Development (SEAC and DYSEAC) at the National Bureau of Standards Washington, D.C., NBS, 1955. Box 7, Folder 39
Box 6
"Design of a Transformer-Coupled Pulse-Repeater for General Application in the NBS Interim Computer," W. Martin, 1949. Box 6, Folder 2
Box 8
Division 12 SEAC Operation, 1950-1951. Box 8, Folder 17
 
NBS Interim Computer, 1948-1950. Box 8, Folder 9
Box 4
SEAC (Standards Eastern Automatic Computer), 1950-1954, 1956. Box 4, Folder 1-7
Box 8
SEAC Gate Circuitry patent, 1955. Box 8, Folder 12
 
SEAC Specifications, 1950. Box 8, Folder 15
Box 7
Status of work on Automatic Electronic Computing Machine, 1949. Box 7, Folder 37
Box 8
Status of NBS Interim Computer, 1950. Box 8, Folder 11
Box 3
Office of Technical Services automation, 1963-1964. Box 3, Folder 15-18
 
Patent Office Projects  
Box 9
Mechanization of Patent Searching, Patent Office Mechanized Searching Committee, 1954. Box 9, Folder 15
Box 3
Patent Office Studies, including HAYSTAQ, 1954-1970. Box 3, Folder 19-29
 
PILOT, 1956. Box 3, Folder 30
Box 7
Post Office Project, 1957-1966. Box 7, Folder 20-22
Box 2
Project lists for budget purposes, 1959-1971. Box 2, Folder 15
Box 3
Rapid Selector, 1939-1958. Box 3, Folder 34
 
Rossmasler Committee survey, 1971. Box 3, Folder 31
 
Scanner, 1963. Box 3, Folder 32
 
Scanning device survey for Rome Air Development Center (RADC), 1956. Box 3, Folder 33
Box 7
Social Security project, 1952-1953. Box 7, Folder 23
 
Study of the State of the Art on Page Reading Devices, Progress Reports, 1961-1964. Box 7, Folder 17-19
 
SWAC  
Box 4
Standards Western Automatic Computer, 1950. Box 4, Folder 8
Box 7
SWAC Memoranda, 1953. Box 7, Folder 38
Box 4
TIE (Technical Information Exchange), 1964-1967. Box 4, Folder 9
Box 2
Unidentified Computers, undated. Box 2, Folder 16
 
UNIVAC  
Box 4
UNIVAC, 1946-1976. Box 4, Folder 10-11
Box 8
Acceptance tests for UNIVAC, 1948. Box 8, Folder 19
 
Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation Product Literature, 1947-1949. Box 8, Folder 6
 
Preliminary Description of UNIVAC, 1950. Box 8, Folder 3
 
Preliminary Description of UNIVAC II, 1956. Box 8, Folder 3
Box 5
"Report on the UNIVAC" (first draft), August 1947. Box 5, Folder 43
Box 6
Special Report on the Univac at NSC Norfolk, 1955. Box 6, Folder 12-13
Box 8
UNIVAC, [early progress reports in this under original name of the firm, "Electronic Control Co." ], 1946-1950. Box 8, Folder 8
 
UNIVAC Dedication, 1951. Box 8, Folder 7
 
UNIVAC retirement clippings, 1963. Box 8, Folder 18
 
United States Savings Bonds  
Box 7
United States Savings Bond Magnetic Record Project, 1950. Box 7, Folder 36
Box 6
"Electronic Techniques in the Issue and Redemption of U.S. Savings Bonds," 1950. Box 6, Folder 4
Box 4
Young Committee: Survey, 1957-1958. Box 4, Folder 12
 
Proposals, 1948-1963 
Box 2
Proposals for projects, 1948-1963. Box 2, Folder 14
 
Reports, 1944-1976 
Note Reports to and by the National Bureau of Standards (NBS), not specifically identified with a project.
Box 6
Ad Hoc Committee on Electrical Computers, Working Paper No. 1, 1954. Box 6, Folder 9
Box 8
Adapting Mechanical Equipment to fields of search, S. W. Cochran, undated. Box 8, Folder 55
Box 6
"ALGOL 60 String Language for Symbol Manipulation" , J. H. Wegstein and W. W. Youden, NBS, circa 1960. Box 6, Folder 19
Box 9
An Analysis of ALGOL 60 Syntax, W. W. Youden, 1961. Box 9, Folder 7
Box 8
Army Computer, circa 1951. Box 8, Folder 37
Box 9
The Army Scientific and Technical Information Program, P. N. Vlannes, Andrew A. Aines, and P. C. Daniels, circa 1962-1963. Box 9, Folder 1
Box 6
"Automated Data Processing System for the National Bureau of Standards Stores Operation" , C. S. Conkey, 1959. Box 6, Folder 17
 
"Automatic Data Processing Issue Study" , Center for Computer Sciences and Technology, NBS, 1967. Box 6, Folder 22
 
"Automatic Micro-Film Information System" , E. A. Avakian, 1952. Box 6, Folder 7
Box 9
Automation of the Decision Making Process in Management, Paul Walker, USAF, 1956. Box 9, Folder 10
Box 6
"Card Punching Instructions," U.S. Savings Bonds, 1949. Box 6, Folder 3
Box 7
Census Bureau and National Bureau of Standards Joint Analysis of '56 Budget Requests Regarding Data Processing Systems, Service, and Equipment, NBS, 1955. Box 7, Folder 31
Box 6
Census Computer Consulting Group Report, 1957. Box 6, Folder 15
Box 4
"Characteristics, Organization, and Components of a Digital Computer," undated. Box 4, Folder 13
Box 8
Comments on Space-Charge Tube Development, Chester H. Page, NBS, 1948. Box 8, Folder 52
 
"Commercial Applications--The Implication of Census Experience" , James McPherson, Bureau of the Census, 1953. Box 6, Folder 8
Box 9
Committee on Scientific and Technical Information, 1968-1970. Box 9, Folder 9
Box 6
"A Comparative Study of Three Research and Development Agencies' Accounting Systems" , V. E. Henriques, NBS, 1957. Box 6, Folder 16
Box 7
Components for Electronic Digital Computing Machines, NBS, 1949. Box 7, Folder 27
Box 6
"A Computer for Weather Data Acquisition" , undated. Box 6, Folder 31
 
Computing and Problem Formulating Services of the National Applied Mathematics Laboratory, 1950. Box 6, Folder 6
Box 8
Cost estimates for a digital tactical trainer, 1957. Box 8, Folder 53
Box 6
"Cost Issue Study" appendices, NBS, 1970. Box 6, Folder 25
Box 8
Description of RCS Selectron (Memory Tube) built by J. A. Rajchman of Princeton Laboratories, R. D. Huntoon, NBS, 1946. Box 8, Folder 58
Box 7
Electrostatic Condenser Pick-up Preliminary Analysis, NBS, 1946. Box 7, Folder 28
Box 6
"Experiments on Metal Films Evaporated on Plastic Base" [NBS project 5755], undated.  Box 6, Folder 30
 
Federated Council for Science and Technology Reports, 1966-1967. Box 6, Folder 21
Box 8
Feasibility Study for a Man-Machine Systems Research Facility, Wright Air Center, 1956-1958. Box 8, Folder 28
 
George Washington University. Logistics Papers, 1950. Box 8, Folder 57
Box 6
Histories of NBS Computing Programs, 1950, undated. Box 6, Folder 32
Box 9
House Subcommittee on Census and Statistics, 1966. Box 9, Folder 2
Box 6
"How the National Bureau of Standards Proposes to Carry out Its Responsibilities in the Fields of Computer Sciences and Technology and Related Mathematics," (draft) NBS, 1965. Box 6, Folder 20
Box 9
"Impact of Computer Information Services on the User Community." Computer Information Section, Information Technology Division, Institute for Computer Sciences and Technology, May 1975.  Box 9, Folder 20
Box 8
Input Output, Key or Bottleneck?, R. D. Elbourn, 1958. Box 8, Folder 56
Box 5
Listing of NBS Annual Reports, 1946-1966. Box 5, Folder 39
Box 7
Magnetic Fluid Clutches, NBS, 1948-1950. Box 7, Folder 29
Box 8
The Mighty Man-Computer Team, Ida Rhodes, circa 1965. Box 8, Folder 45
Box 9
National Research Council. Committee on High Speed Computing, 1947. Box 9, Folder 6
Box 8
National Union Storage Tube, R. D. Huntoon, NBS, 1946. Box 8, Folder 58
Box 9
The NBS Analog Computer Facility, H. L. Mason, NBS, 1958. Box 9, Folder 16
 
NELIAC (Computer program language)  
Box 8
NELIAC-A dialect of ALGOL, Harry Huskey, M.H. Halstead, R. McArthur, University of California-Berkeley and U.S. Navy Electronics Laboratory-San Diego, 1960. Box 8, Folder 39
 
Instructions for the use of NELIAC, John White, USN, 1960. Box 8, Folder 39
Box 6
"OCR Opportunities in the National Library of Medicine" , NBS, 1969. Box 6, Folder 23
Box 8
Office Robots (first draft), Lessing, 1951. Box 8, Folder 42
Box 9
Operating and physical features of 256 word diode capacitor memory, undated. Box 9, Folder 5
Box 5
Ordnance Development Division, Electronic Computers Section: "The Binary Coder" ; "Metallic Rectifiers for Computer Circuits" ; "Tube Laboratory Conference Report" ; "Field Intensity of a Magnetic Recording Head" , 1947. Box 5, Folder 42
 
Precision Tachometer, circa 1944. Box 5, Folder 40
Box 6
"Preliminary ADP Feasibility Study for Maritime Administration" , John F. Wood and LeRoy L. Cook, NBS, 1960. Box 6, Folder 18
Box 9
Proposed Method of Printing Address Strips from Punch Cards, J. Rabinow, NBS, undated. Box 9, Folder 8
Box 6
"Redesign of Pulse Repeater Stage and Plug-in Unit," 1951. Box 6, Folder 5
 
Raytheon Long Life 6AN5 (tube), 1948. Box 6, Folder 1
Box 9
Relative operating rates for various computer systems, NBS, undated. Box 9, Folder 14
Box 6
"Reorientation of the Center for Computer Sciences and Technology" , Ruth M. Davis (director), 1970. Box 6, Folder 26
Box 9
Report of a Feasibility Study of the Potential Application of Mechanization to Operations of the NBS Office of Technical Information: Expedient Recommendations for OTI Computer Application (EROTICA), Patrick E. Doyle, NBS, 1964. Box 9, Folder 4
 
Report of the Advisory Panel to NBS Data Processing Systems Division, National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council, 1960. Box 9, Folder 20
Box 7
Report on Input and Output Transcribers Developed at the National Bureau of Standards for the IAS type of Computing Machine, NBS, 1948. Box 7, Folder 30
Box 8
Review of Moore School Lectures of 1946, 1947. Box 8, Folder 34
Box 6
"Revolution in U.S. Government Statistics, 1926-1976" , Office of Management and Budget, 1976. Box 6, Folder 28-29
 
"Special Study" , Center for Computer Sciences and Technology, NBS, 1969. Box 6, Folder 24
Box 8
Study of Feasibility of Using IMCA in Section of Field Services Bureau of Motor Carriers, D.J. Hyams, 1963. Box 8, Folder 38
 
Summaries of papers presented at ACM meetings, 1947 and 1950. Box 8, Folder 60
 
A superspeed acoustic delay line computer, Harry D. Huskey, circa 1948. Box 8, Folder 54
Box 6
"A Survey of Automatic Digital Computers" , NBS Office of Technical Services, 1954. Box 6, Folder 10
 
"Survey of RCA BIZMAC System" , S. B. Williams, 1954. Box 6, Folder 11
Box 7
Systems Analysis Working Paper No. 3-66: A Computer Program to Solve Integer Programming Problems, William Barker, NBS, 1965. Box 7, Folder 32
Box 8
The SYX System for Computer Produced Indexes, Frank Sauber and W.W. Youden, NBS, 1967. Box 8, Folder 36
Box 9
Table of characteristics: USA/USSR Computers, NBS, undated. Box 9, Folder 12
Box 8
Technical Report: Elliott Brothers Model 405 Business Data Processing System, Office of Naval Research (London), 1956. Box 8, Folder 50
Box 7
Transcript for slide presentation on Automatic Data Processing Systems, NBS, undated. Box 7, Folder 33
Box 4
"U.S.S.R. Scientific and Technical Information System: A U.S. View" , NBS, 1973. Box 4, Folder 22
 
Speeches and Articles, 1946-1969 
Note These files contain speeches and articles written by Margaret Fox's colleagues including Samuel N. Alexander.
Box 6
Samuel N. Alexander, notes for speeches, undated. Box 6, Folder 33
 
Samuel N. Alexander, circa 1948-1962. Box 6, Folder 34-35
Box 8
Samuel N. Alexander, SEAC dedication speech, 1950. Box 8, Folder 43
Box 9
Samuel N. Alexander, Miscellaneous articles, 1953-1965. Box 9, Folder 3
 
Samuel N. Alexander, Miscellaneous reports and presentations, 1955 and undated. Box 9, Folder 11
Box 6
E.G. Andrews, 1949. Box 6, Folder 36
Box 8
A.V. Astin, NBS and automatic data processing presentation, 1955. Box 8, Folder 40
Box 9
A.V. Astin, Testimony of Dr. A.V. Astin, Director, National Bureau of Standards, before Subcommittee on Economic Stabilization, Joint Committee on the Economic Report, NBS, 1955. Box 9, Folder 18
Box 6
A. V. Astin, 1956. Box 6, Folder 37
 
Ruth H. Cahn, 1955. Box 6, Folder 38
 
E. U. Condon, 1946-1950. Box 6, Folder 39
Box 8
E.U. Condon, The Present Program of the National Bureau of Standards, 1951. Box 8, Folder 51
 
Margaret R. Fox, A Progress Report on SEAC, 1957. Box 8, Folder 44
Box 6
Samuel Lubkin, 1948. Box 6, Folder 40
Box 8
James L. McPherson, Samuel N. Alexander, H. Burke Horton, and Ezra Glaser, Information Processing in Social and Industrial Research, 1952. Box 8, Folder 48
 
Mary E. Stevens, The Interconnection of Two Digital Computers, 1955. Box 8, Folder 47
 
Mary Elizabeth Stevens and Genevive H. Urban, Indexing Using Cited Titles, undated. Box 8, Folder 41
Box 6
Josephine L. Walkowicz, 1969. Box 6, Folder 41
 
S. B. Williams, 1956. Box 6, Folder 42-43
Box 8
Miscellaneous Article: The Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator-I, Howard H. Aiken and Grace M. Hopper, 1946.  Box 8, Folder 49
Box 6
Miscellaneous Newspaper Articles.  Box 6, Folder 46
 
Unattributed Articles and Speeches, undated. Box 6, Folder 45
 
Systems Descriptions and Manuals, 1942-1965 
Note This series includes programming instructions for the UNIVAC, LARC, MIDAC, and the NBS Interim Computer (SEAC).
Box 6
Electronic Computing System (S. B. Williams), 1942. Box 6, Folder 52
 
Electronic recorder, 1948. Box 6, Folder 54
 
Fire Control by Numerical Computation, 1942. Box 6, Folder 53
Box 7
IBM 704 Programmer's Manual, 1958. Box 7, Folder 11
Box 6
LARC, Programmer instructions, 1958-1960.  Box 6, Folder 55
 
LARC, Description, undated.  Box 6, Folder 56
 
Uniservo instructions, undated.  Box 6, Folder 56
 
LARC Cost estimates, 1959-1960.  Box 6, Folder 57
 
LARC Performance statistics, 1961-1965. Box 6, Folder 58
 
MIDAC, 1951-1952. Box 6, Folder 59-60
Box 8
NBS Interim Computer: Coding Manual, 1950-1951. Box 8, Folder 16
 
SEAC Subroutines, 1951. Box 8, Folder 13-14
Box 6
SSEC (IBM Selective Sequence Electronic Calculator), 1948.  Box 6, Folder 61
 
Rotary printer, undated.  Box 6, Folder 61
 
Tube tester, 1960. Box 6, Folder 62
Box 7
Unityper, 1951. Box 7, Folder 1-2
 
UNIVAC programming, 1947. Box 7, Folder 3-7
Box 8
UNIVAC Programming, undated. Box 8, Folder 5
Box 7
Description of Computer System X-66744, 1947. Box 7, Folder 8-10
 
Patent Reports, 1937-1959 
Box 7
Patents received by Commerce Department, 1937-1955. Box 7, Folder 15
 
Invention evaluations and disclosures, 1953-1959. Box 7, Folder 16
Box 9
Patent Disclosure: Williams Tube Storage, 1957. Box 9, Folder 13
 
Naval Ordnance Laboratory Records, 1947-1958 
Note This series includes memoranda, contract proposals, and a 1954 report from the Office of Naval Research Computing Machine Components Program.
Box 8
Memoranda, 1947. Box 8, Folder 59
Box 4
Memoranda, 1947-1948. Box 4, Folder 12
 
Office of Naval Research report, 1954. Box 4, Folder 13
 
Proposals, contracts, orders, and reports, 1949-1958. Box 4, Folder 14