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Clarence H. Johnston papers

Summary Information
Title: Clarence H. Johnston papers
Dates: 1889-1955
Creator: Johnston, Clarence H. (Clarence Howard), 1859-1936
Extent: 22 cubic feet
Location: High Bay, Mezzanine
Language: English
Collection Number: N 46
Abstract:
The papers contain original drawings and prints for a number of Johnston's buildings, including Ancker Hospital (St. Paul, 1889), College of St. Theresa Chapel in Winona MN (1924-26), St. Paul YMCA (1906-7). The collection also contains photographs for 25 buildings and specifications for 6 more, plus 5 volumes of account ledgers detailing costs of construction for several hundred projects completed between 1905 and 1959.

Repository: University of Minnesota Libraries. Northwest Architectural Archives, Manuscripts Division

Access and Use
Acquisition Information:

Donated by C. Warren Durr in 1977.

Access Restrictions:

The collection is open and available to the public. Advance notice is requested.

Copyright:

There are no restrictions on the use of materials in this collection. Copies can be requested if the condition of the originals warrants it.

Processing Information:

The collection was processed and the finding aid written by Archives staff.

Preferred Citation:

Clarence H. Johnston papers (N 46), Northwest Architectural Archives, University of Minnesota Libraries, Minneapolis.


Arrangement

The collection is organized in four series. Within each series materials are arranged alphabetically by commission name.

  • Building Drawings
  • Photographs
  • Specifications
  • Commission Ledgers

Biographical/Historical Note

Clarence Johnston was born in Waseca County, MN, on August 28, 1859. He was educated in the public schools of St. Paul and received an apprenticeship training in architecture in the offices of Abraham Radcliffe and Edward P. Bassford in St. Paul after completing high school. He attended the Massachusetts Institute of Technology where he received formal architectural education, but left after one year because of financial stringencies. He returned to St. Paul for a brief time, then moved to New York City and worked for Herter Brothers and C.B. Atwood. Johnston helped found the New York Sketch Club, which later became the Architectural League of New York. He came back to St. Paul in 1882 and opened his own office.

In 1885 Johnston entered partnership with William H. Willcox (1832-1929) until 1889. The firm produced many notable buildings, including Summit Terrace (St. Paul), the residence of F. Scott Fitzgerald; First Baptist Church (Chicago); the main building of Macalester College (St. Paul); the Mercantile Library (Peoria, IL); Shattuck School and St. Mary's Hall (Faribault, MN); and residences for W.R. Merriam, F. Driscoll, C.W. Griggs, and A.G. Foster, all in St. Paul. He was elected a fellow of the American Institute of Architects in 1889. In 1901, Johnston was retained as architect to the State Board of Control and later by the Commission of Administration & Finance of Minnesota, in which capacity he designed literally dozens of state-owned office buildings, schools and institutional facilities, and the state prison. He also was appointed architect to the Board of Regents of the University of Minnesota at about the same time, and many of the buildings on the Twin Cities campuses dating from the period between 1904 and 1936 are from his firm. In addition to this enormous volume of business, Johnston carried on a lucrative private practice in the course of which he designed many commercial structures, institutional buildings, and residences. He died in St. Paul on December 31, 1936.


Collection Scope and Content Note

The papers contain original drawings and prints for a number of Johnston's buildings, including Alpha Omicron Pi Sorority House, University of Minnesota (1930); Ancker Hospital, St. Paul (1889); Chapel for the College of St. Theresa, Winona, MN (1924-26); the Manhattan Office Building, St. Paul (1890); the Northwestern Bell Telephone Company building, St. Paul (1930); and the YMCA, St. Paul (1906-07). In addition, the collection includes photographs of 25 buildings and specifications for 6 others plus 5 volumes of account ledgers detailing costs of construction for several hundred projects carried out by the firm between 1905 and 1959.

Johnston's son, Clarence Howard ("Howie"), Jr., succeeded his father in the firm and maintained it until his death in 1959. Many designs executed after about 1920 are attributable to Howie.

Related Material

See also: Grover Dimond Papers and the C.F. Haglin Company Papers in the Northwest Architectural Archives.

Plans of University buildings designed by Johnston may be found in the University Archives and in the Records section of the Facilities and Operations Management department of the University.

Subject Terms
Index Terms
  • This collection is indexed under the following headings in the catalog of the University of Minnesota Libraries. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons or places should search the catalog using these headings.
  • Johnston, Clarence H. (Clarence Howard), 1859-1936 -- Archives.
  • Johnston, Clarence Howard, 1888-1960. -- Archives.
  • Johnston, Clarence Howard, 1888-1960.
Detailed Contents
 Location  Title
 
Building Drawings  
 
Alpha Omicron Pi 1930  
Note  Sorority House
Minneapolis, MN
pencil on paper 14x25
Tube # 11, 12, 52
 
Ancker Hospital ca. 1889  
Note  East Wing Building
n.l.
blueprints 1/8 = 1'0
Tube # 25
 
Archer, S.M. 1919  
Note  Residence
Dellwood, White Bear Lake, MN
ink on linen 22 1/2x26
Tube # 2
 
Archer, Shreve M. Jr. 1947  
Note  Residence
Dellwood, White Bear Lake, MN
pencil on paper 20 1/2x31
Tube # 3, 4
 
Beard, H.P. 1923-1924  
Note  Residence
Johnston, C.H. Jr.
St. Paul, MN
ink on linen
Tube # 38
 
Brooks, Edward 1921  
Note  Residence
River Boulevard
Johnston, C.H.
St. Paul, MN
blueline
Tube # 44
 
Brooks, Edward 1930  
Note  176 Mississippi River Blvd.
Johnston, C.H.
St.Paul, MN
blueprints
Tube # 43
 
Brown Blodgett & Sperry Building 1916  
Note  Nash Coffee Building
St. Paul, MN
ink on linen 1/8 = 1 foot
Tube # 35
 
Cathedral Church of Our Merciful Savior 1933-34  
Note  Church
Johnston, C.H.
Faribault, MN
pencil on paper
Tube # 37
 
Chapman, B.O. 1917-1926  
Note  Residence
Kenwood Parkway
Minneapolis, MN
original linens
Tube # 28
 
Christ Church and Parish House n.d.  
Note  Church
Johnston, C.H. Jr.
St.Paul, MN
pencil preliminary perspective sketch 13x20 1/4
Tube # Flat File
 
College of St. Teresa 1928  
Note  Lourdes Hall [Dormitory]
Winona, MN
ink on linen 23 1/2 x 38 1/4
Tube # 21,23,24, Portfolio
 
College of St. Teresa 1924  
Note  Alverna Hall [Sister's Home]
Winona, MN
ink on linen 18x23 1/2
Tube # 20, 21, Portfolio I
 
College of St. Teresa 1924-1926  
Note  Chapel
Winona, MN
pencil & pastel on paper
Tube # 22 & Portfolio III
 
Cotter High School 1924  
Note  Gymnasium
Winona, MN
ink on linen 17 1/2 x 22 1/2
Tube # 5
 
Cowley, A.M.P. n.d.  
Note  Residence
White Bear Lake, MN
ink on linen 19x22
Tube # 6
 
Elsinger, W.H. 1913  
Note  Residence
St.Paul, MN
ink on linen 18x29
Tube # 1
 
Faribault High School 1913  
Note  Faribault, MN
blueprints
Tube # 53
 
Golden Rule Building 1914-15  
Note  Marquis over Robert St. Entrance
Johnston, C.H.
n.l.
ink on linen
Tube # 41
 
Gordon & Ferguson Co. 1944  
Note  Johnston, C.H.
St.Paul, MN
blueprint
Tube # 36
 
Institute Hall 1920, 1926  
Note  North East Demonstration Farm
Duluth, MN
ink on linen
Tube # 50
 
Lindeke, Warner & Sons 1919  
Note  Johnston, C.H.
St.Paul, MN
blueprint
Tube # 39
 
Lowry Medical Arts Building 1920, 1930  
Note  St.Paul, MN
ink on linen 27x37; blueprint
Tube # 10, 40, 40A
 
Manhattan Office Building 1890  
Note  St.Paul, MN
ink on linen 22 1/2 x 29 1/2; 21 1/2 x 20
Tube # 13, 14, 15, 16
 
Miller, Charles T. Hospital 1918  
Note  Steam Power Plant
Johnston, C.H.
St.Paul, MN
ink on linen
Tube # 47
 
Miller, Charles T. Hospital 1919  
Note  The Wilder Dispensary
Johnston, C.H.
St.Paul, MN
ink on linen
Tube # 47
 
Miller, Charles T. Hospital 1918, 1919  
Note  Service Building
Johnston, C.H.
St.Paul, MN
ink on linen
Tube # 47
 
Miller, Charles T. Hospital 1936-1937  
Note  Radiological Wing
Johnston, C.H.
St.Paul, MN
ink on linen
Tube # 47
 
Miller, Charles T. Hospital 1944  
Note  Cadet Nurses Home and Training School
Johnston, C.H.
St.Paul, MN
ink on linen
Tube # 45, 46
 
Miller, Charles T. Hospital 1950  
Note  Zimmerman Wing
Johnston, C.H.
St.Paul, MN
blueprints
Tube # 48
 
Minnesota Historical Society Building 1915  
Note  Johnston, C.H.
St.Paul, MN
blueline prints
Tube # 51
 
Minnesota State Office Building  
Note  St.Paul, MN
blueprint copy 8 1/2 x11
Tube #
 
Minnesota State Sanitorium 1906, 1910  
Note  Johnston, C.H.
Ah Gwah Ching, MN [Walker, MN]
photocopies, blueprint
Tube # 56
 
Minnesota State Sanitorium 1927  
Note  Children's Cottage
Johnston, C.H.
Ah Gwah Ching, MN [Walker, MN]
photocopies
Tube # 57
 
Minnesota State School for the Deaf 1909  
Note  Noyes Hall [Auditorium]
Johnston, C.H.
Faribault, MN
ink on linen
Tube # 49
 
Minnesota State School for the Deaf 1903, 1908,  
Note  School Building
Johnston, C.H.
Faribault, MN
ink on linen, blacklines
Tube # 49
 
Minnesota State School for the Deaf 1912  
Note  Tate Hall [Administration Building]
Johnston, C.H.
Faribault, MN
bluelines
Tube # 49
 
Minnesota State School for the Deaf 1923  
Note  Service Building
Johnston, C.H.
Faribault, MN
ink on linen, reverse blacklines
Tube # 49
 
Northwestern Bell Telephone Co. ca. 1930  
Note  Johnston, C.H. Jr.
St.Paul, MN
pastel perspective sketch 13 1/4 x 14 1/4
Tube # Flat File
 
Northwestern Shot & Lead n.d.  
Note  Hyde St. & Fairfield
Wheeler, Alfred H.
St.Paul, MN
blueprint
Tube #
 
Odeon Building 1907  
Note  Johnston, C.H. & J.A. McLeod
St.Paul, MN
ink on linen
Tube # 42
 
Power, J.B. ca. 1895  
Note  Residence
St.Paul, MN
blueline prints
Tube # 27
 
Shields, L.J. 1933  
Note  Estate
Dellwood, White Bear Lake, MN
ink on linen 18 1/2 x27, pencil on paper
Tube # 8, 9
 
St. Rose Convent 1932  
Note  Heating Plant
LaCrosse, WI
ink on linen 14x28 1/2
Tube # 7
 
St.Mary's College 1920-21  
Note  Dormitory & Gymnasium
Winona, MN
ink on linen 29 1/2 x36
Tube # 17, 18, 19
 
St.Mary's Hospital 1920  
Note  Surgical Pavilion
Johnston, C.H.
Rochester, MN
photographic prints, pen & ink perspective sketch [reproduction] 7 1/2 x13
Tube # 1, Flat File
 
State Public School 1942  
Note  Storm Sewers
Druar & Milinowski
Owatonna, MN
blueprints
Tube # roll #18
 
State Public School 1905, 1920, 1936  
Note  Laundry Building and Engineers Shop Building
Johnston, C.H., G.M. Orr consulting engineer
Owatonna, MN
blueprints
Tube # roll #17
 
State Public School 1933  
Note  Johnston, C.H., G.M. Orr consulting engineer
Owatonna, MN
blueline with colored pencil
Tube # roll #18
 
State Public School 1923  
Note  Morell & Nichols, Landscape Architects
Owatonna, MN
blueprints
Tube # roll #18
 
State Public School n.d.  
Note  Owatonna Sewage Treatment Plant
Hosfield, P.C., M.E. Chamberlin
Owatonna, MN
blueprints
Tube # roll #18
 
State Public School 1934  
Note  Gymnasium
Nelson, A.J.
Owatonna, MN
blueprints
Tube # roll #15
 
State Public School 1958  
Note  Relighting of State Public School and Office Building
Roche, T.E.
Owatonna, MN
blueprints
Tube # roll #18
 
State Public School 1915, 1962  
Note  Power House
Johnston, C.H., Armstron & Schlichting, Inc.
Owatonna, MN
ink on linen, sepia
Tube # roll #16
 
State Public School 1951, 1956  
Note  Fire Alarm System
Roche, T.E., Kline & Clark
Owatonna, MN
blueprints and blackline
Tube # roll #18
 
State Public School 1950  
Note  Two Cottages
Haxby, Bissel & Belair
Owatonna, MN
blueprints
Tube # roll #4
 
State Public School 1901, 1942, 1956  
Note  Main Building
Johnston, C.H.
Owatonna, MN
ink on linen, blueprints
Tube # roll #1
 
State Public School 1941  
Note  Nursery Building Cottage #10
Zelzer, R.G.
Owatonna, MN
blueprints
Tube # roll #18
 
State Public School 1914  
Note  Dormitory
Johnston, C.H.
Owatonna, MN
blueprints
Tube # roll #3
 
State Public School 1961  
Note  Gymnasium and Power Plant Relighting
Nelson, A.J.
Owatonna, MN
blueprints
Tube # roll #14
 
State Public School 1933, 1939  
Note  School Building
Larson & McLaren
Owatonna, MN
blueprints
Tube # roll #5
 
State Public School 1912  
Note  Babies Cottage
Johnston, C.H.
Owatonna, MN
ink on linen
Tube # roll #6
 
State Public School 1923, 1962  
Note  Cottage for Boys
Johnston, C.H., Armstrong & Schlichting Inc.
Owatonna, MN
blueprints and sepia on paper
Tube # roll #7
 
State Public School 1934  
Note  Remodeling of Old School
Larson & McLaren
Owatonna, MN
blueprints
Tube # roll #8 & 10
 
State Public School 1957, 1975  
Note  Cemetery
Larson & McLaren
Owatonna, MN
Tube # roll #9
 
State Public School 1914  
Note  Main Dining Room Additions
Johnston, C.H.
Owatonna, MN
ink on linen
Tube # roll #11
 
State Public School 1925  
Note  Service Building
Johnston, C.H.
Owatonna, MN
blueprints
Tube # roll #12
 
State Public School 1958  
Note  Various Buildings
Patch & Erickson
Owatonna, MN
blueprints
Tube # roll #13
 
State Public School 1914  
Note  Recreation Building
Johnston, C.H.
Owatonna, MN
ink on linen
Tube # roll #2
 
State Teachers College 1926  
Note  Main Building Alterations
Johnston, C.H.
Moorhead, MN
blueprint
Tube # 54, 55
 
Summit School for Girls 1924  
Note  Warming House; Mechanical Equipment Changes
St.Paul, MN
pencil on paper
Tube # 34
 
Summit School for Girls 1923, 1927  
Note  Main & Gymnasium Building
Johnston, C.H.
St.Paul, MN
blueprint
Tube # 34a
 
YMCA n.d.  
Note  Concrete Reinforcement
Trussed Concrete Steel Co.
St.Paul, MN
blueprints 23 1/2 x36
Tube # 33
 
YMCA 1906-07  
Note  Cedar & 9th St.
St.Paul, MN
originals on linen, 1/8" unless otherwise noted
Tube # 29, 30
 
YMCA n.d.  
Note  Heating, Ventilating & Lighting Systems
Pillsbury, Charles L. [consulting engineer]
St.Paul, MN
original linens 18 1/2 x 31 1/2
Tube # 31
 
YMCA n.d.  
Note  Structural & Framing
St.Paul, MN
original linens 20x29, 20x30, 20x31
Tube # 32
 
Photographs  
 
1025 4th St.  
Note  no location undated
1 4x6 b&w
 
Cattle Barn, State Fair Grounds  
Note  St. Paul, MN undated
1 3 3/4 x 9 1/2 b&w
 
Christ Church  
Note  St. Paul, MN undated
1 8x10 b&w
 
Comstock Hall  
Note  Minneapolis, MN 1939
1 8x10 b&w
 
Cotter High School  
Note  Winona, MN undated
3 8x10 b&w
 
Field House, University of Minnesota  
Note  Minneapolis, MN 1929
1 8x10 b&w
 
Gloria Dei Lutheran Church  
Note  St. Paul, MN undated
7 8x10 b&w
 
Hamm Brewing Co.  
Note  St. Paul, MN 1934,
9 8x10 b&w
 
Humboldt Telephone Exchange  
Note  St. Paul, MN 1951
5 8x10 b&w
 
Lowry & 4th St. Building  
Note  St. Paul, MN undated
2 8x10 b&w
 
Macalester College Student Union  
Note  St. Paul, MN 1951-19
29 8x10 b&w
 
Methodist Parish Hall  
Note  Winona, MN undated
4 8x10 b&w
 
Miller Hospital East Wing  
Note  St. Paul, MN 1951
29 8x10 b&w
 
Mines Experimental Station, University of Minnesota  
Note  Minneapolis, MN 1931
2 8x10 b&w
 
Northwest Airways Hanger & Terminal  
Note  St. Paul, MN 1929
1 8x10 b&w
 
Owatonna Telephone Building  
Note  Owatonna, MN 1948
22 8x10 b&w
 
Ramer Candy Factory [now 3M]  
Note  St. Paul, MN undated
1 8x10 b&w
 
Saunders Residence  
Note  St. Paul, MN undated
1 8x10 b&w
 
Shattuck School  
Note  Faribault, MN undated
7 8x10 b&w
 
Skil Corp.  
Note  St. Paul, MN 1955
10 8x10 b&w
 
St. Mary's College Dormitory  
Note  Winona, MN undated
1 8x10 b&w
 
St. Mary's Hall  
Note  Faribault, MN undated
6 8x10 b&w
 
St. Mary's Hospital  
Note  Rochester, MN undated
5 8x10 b&w
 
St. Paul Fire & Marine Insurance Co.  
Note  St. Paul, MN 1949
19 8x10 b&w
 
St. Theresa College  
Note  Winona, MN undated
47 8x10 b&w
 
St.Cloud Technical College  
Note  St. Cloud, MN undated
1 8x10 b&w
 
State Office Building  
Note  St. Paul, MN undated
16 8x10 b&w
 
Summit School for Girls  
Note  St. Paul, MN undated
2 8x10 b&w
 
Telephone Co. Building  
Note  St. Paul, MN 1937
4 8x10 b&w
 
Specifications  
Box 1
Alpha Omicron Pi Minneapolis, MN 1930 Box 1
Note Sorority House
Carbon t.s.
 
College of St. Teresa Winona, MN 1928 Box 1
Note Dorm, mimeographed
Chapel, pencil on paper, prints
Lintel, window and door schedules, ink on linen drawings
Sisters' Home, pencil on paper, ink on linen
Includes Job Files
Box 2
Brooks, Edward St. Paul, MN n.d. Box 2
Note Garage, Boat House and Swimming Pool for residence
Box 1
Gordon and Ferguson Building St. Paul, MN 1913 Box 1
Note Carbon t.s. and blueprint
 
Hannah Rutledge Home for the Aged Chippewa Falls, WI 1911 Box 1
Note Carbon t.s.
 
Minnesota Club St. Paul, MN 1913 Box 1
Note Carbon t.s. and blueprint
 
Minnesota State Office Building St. Paul, MN 1933 Box 1
Box 2
St. Mary's College Winona, MN 1920-1921  Box 2
Note Dorm and Gymnasium, mimeographed
Garage, mimeographed, ink on linen plans
 
State Public School Owatonna, MN 1914 Box 2
Note Recreation Building
 
White Bear Yacht Club White Bear Lake, MN 1938 Box 2
Note Clubhouse and Swimming Pool, Mechanical Equipment
Mimeographed
 
Commission Ledgers, 1904-1961 
Note These ledgers contain details regarding all of the projects with which the C. H. Johnston architectural office was involved. The collection, however, does not contain drawings for all the commissions on this list. A transcription derived from the ledgers is available in the Archives. Please contact Archives staff for information.