Theodore H. Lewis papers,
Theodore H. Lewis
Lewis, Theodore Hayes, b. 1856
4 boxes (2.0
notebooks and scrapbooks belonging to Theodore H. Lewis during his career as an
archaeologist in Minnesota.
Minnesota Libraries. University Archives
Access and Use
The collection was deposited in University Archives on January 12,
Items in this collection do not circulate and may be used in-house
Requests for permission to quote from the Theodore H. Lewis papers
should be arranged with the University of Minnesota Archives head.
Collection has not been processed.
Theodore H. Lewis papers, University of Minnesota Archives.
Biographical Sketch of Theodore H. Lewis (b. 1856)
Theodore Hayes Lewis was the first archaeologist to systematically
survey and record archaeological sites in Minnesota. He was born in 1856 and
disappeared in Colorado in 1909. He was educated in Ohio and moved to St. Paul,
Minnesota in 1878 where he worked as a surveyor investigating antiquities from
1878-1880. He began work on the Northwestern Archaeological Survey during the
years 1880-1883 and became associated with Alfred J. Hill in 1881, who paid
most of his research expenses and contracted with Lewis to complete a survey of
Native American burial mounds in Minnesota and other nearby states.
Between 1883 and 1895 Lewis surveyed more than 12,000 mounds in
Minnesota, Canada and surrounding states. From 1884 to 1907, he published over
50 scholarly articles about his research in Minnesota, which have formed the
basis of knowledge about petroglyphs, incised boulders, burial mounds and cave
art in the state. Many of these formations and archaeological sites have
disappeared or been destroyed over time.
Collection Scope and Content Note
The collection contains 41 notebooks belonging to Theodore H. Lewis
during his tenure as an archaeologist in Minnesota. The notebooks include his
time in Ohio, before coming to Minnesota in 1878, his work in St. Paul and on
the Northwestern Archaeological Survey. The collection also contains 8
Northwestern Archaeological Survey notebooks, Minnesota Historical
- This collection is indexed under the following headings in the catalog
of the University of Minnesota Libraries. Researchers desiring materials about
related topics, persons or places should search the catalog using these
Theodore Hayes, b. 1856 -- Archives
Archaeological Survey (U.S.)
- Archaeological surveying --