Florence Laura Goodenough Papers,
1 box (1.0
Language: Collection materials in
consists of correspondence of Florence Laura Goodenough, professor emeritus of
the Institute of Child Welfare at the University of Minnesota.
Minnesota Libraries. University of Minnesota Archives
Access and Use
Items in this collection do not circulate and may be used in-house
University Archives will make every attempt, in accordance with
University and federal policies, to protect private information located within
its holdings. In order to provide reasonable safeguards to limit incidental
disclosures of private information, the Archives needs 24 hour retrieval notice
to review materials that may contain restricted items. Restrictions, where
applicable, are noted at the series or file levels in the description below.
Researchers may quote from the collection under the fair use provision
of the copyright law (Title 17, U.S. Code). Requests to publish should be
arranged with the University of Minnesota Archives.
Florence Laura Goodenough papers, University Archives, University of
Minnesota, Twin Cities.
Biographical Sketch of Florence L. Goodenough (1886-1959)
Florence Laura Goodenough, B.S. (1920), M.A. (1921) Columbia
University, Ph.D. (1924) Stanford University. Chief psychologist, Minneapolis
Child Guidance Clinic (1924-1925), assistant professor (1925-1928), associate
professor (1928-1930), professor (1930-1947) Institute of Child Welfare at the
University of Minnesota. Best known for her development of the Draw-A-Man Test,
used as an index of a child's intelligence.
Florence Goodenough was born in Hoensdale, Pennsylvania on August 6,
1886. She received her B.A. in 1920, and her M.A. in 1921 from Columbia
University, while simultaneously working as director of educational research in
the New Jersey School system. In 1924, she received her Ph.D. from Stanford
University, developing as her thesis, the Draw-A-Man Scale. While at Stanford,
she served as a chief research assistant under Dr. Lewis Terman, known for his
studies of gifted children.
After working with the Minneapolis Child Guidance Clinic from
1924-1925, Goodenough joined the staff of the newly formed Institute of Child
Welfare at the University of Minnesota in 1925. She spent the remainder of her
career at the Institute, where she advanced from assistant professor to
professor, and due to a disability retired as Professor Emeritus in 1947.
Goodenough is perhaps best known for her Draw-A-Man Test, used as an index of a
child's intelligence. In addition, she wrote several texts, and numerous
articles dealing with exceptional children and mental testing, among other
things. Goodenough was president of the Society for Research in Child
Development in 1946 and 1947, and held various positions in the American
Psychological Association and the National Council of Women Psychologists. Upon
her retirement, she moved to Lisbon, New Hampshire, becoming increasingly deaf
and blind due to an earlier illness. On April 4, 1959, she died at her winter
home in Lakeland, Florida.
Collection Scope and Content Note
This collection consists primarily of Florence Goodenough's personal
professional correspondence from 1936-1959. The correspondence chiefly
discusses publications and developments in the field of child welfare during
the 1930s and 1940s, with many letters soliciting Goodenough's opinion. A
smaller number of letters pertain to thesis work being done by graduate
students under Goodenough. The bulk of the correspondence dates from 1936-1959;
it constitutes most of the material available on Goodenough, with the exception
of a few letters found in other collections at the University of Minnesota.
Correspondence dating from 1936-1947 is of a professional nature, but does give
some insight into Goodenough's character and interests, as well as to
development in the field of child welfare.
One folder consists almost entirely of correspondence between Dr.
Goodenough and Dale B. Harris who was associated with the Institute of Child
Development from 1939-1959. It was written during the years of Goodenough's
retirement until her death (1947-1959). The letters reflect Harris's
collaboration with Goodenough on various projects, most notably a revision of
the Draw-A-Man Test. Due in part to Miss Goodenough's failing eyesight and
increased duties brought upon Dr. Harris when he became director of the
Institute of Child Welfare (1954-1959), the revision entitled,
Children's Drawings as Measures of Intellectual
Maturity , was not completed until after Goodenough's death. Other topics
of note in the correspondence are of a personal nature and discuss Goodenough's
health and life in New Hampshire as well as Harris's family life, and
University of Minnesota matters, especially concerning the Institute of Child
Welfare and people that they knew in common.
Biographical information on Goodenough was primarily collected by
Theta Wolf, a former student of Goodenough's, in preparation for an article in
Notable American Women on Goodenough. Additional
biographical information can be found in the University Archives' biographical
In 1942 Goodenough conducted a test taken by members of the Women's
Army Auxiliary Corp known as the Speed of Association Test. The papers contain
the raw data that was divided into three sections, based on the test takers'
marital status (single, married, and divorced). Keys to the test consist of a
Commonality Key, Leadership Key and M-F Key (Masculine-Feminine). See the
Biography File of Florence Goodenough for a list of publications regarding the
Speed of Association Test.
One folder contains material relating to a study conducted in 1929 by
Goodenough of a blind and deaf child named Mabel Larson, to determine the
emotional behavior of a child with these disabilities. The file contains mostly
handwritten notes dated May 6-June 27, , as well as medical and personal
histories on Mabel Larson. This folder is restricted.
Outlines of lectures for courses given by Goodenough, that were found
with the papers, have been placed in the Curriculum Collection (uarc 827).
- This collection is indexed under the following headings in the catalog
of the University of Minnesota Libraries. Researchers desiring materials about
related topics, persons or places should search the catalog using these
- Ford, Mary.
Florence Laura, 1886-1959 -- Archives.
- Hollingsworth, Leta (Setter), 1886-1935.
- James, Maud
- Koch, Helen
Lewis Madison, 1877-1956.
Elizabeth Lee, 1897-
- Wolf, Theta
- University of
Minnesota. Institute of Child Development.
- Child welfare.
- Goodenough Draw-A-Man Test.
- Intelligence tests.
Detailed Contents of Collection
(6 folders) Box 1
Letters to Theta Wolf, 1946-1947, 1969-1978. Box 1
Correspondence between Dale Harris and Florence
Goodenough, 1947-1959. Box 1
Speed of Association Test, 1942.
(6 folders) Box 1
Commonality Key for Speed of Association Test,
1942. Box 1
Speed of Association Blank Tests, 1942.
Note Tests that have been taken but not categorized.
Leadership Key Complete, 1942.
Leadership Key Abbreviated form for Speed of Association
M-F Key Revised for Speed of Association Test,
Papers written by Florence Goodenough, undated. Box 1
Reprints of articles written by Florence Goodenough,
circa 1925-1949. Box 1
Children's Drawings, 1927-1928.
Lecture Notes, undated.
Mabel Larson Study, 1929. Box 1
Note Folder restricted, not available for use.