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Florence Laura Goodenough Papers, 1936-1959, 1969-1978

Summary Information
Title: Florence Laura Goodenough papers
Dates: 1936-1959, 1969-1978
Creator: Goodenough, Florence Laura, 1886-1959
Extent: 1 box (1.0 cubic foot)
Language: Collection materials in English
Collection Number: uarc 967
Abstract:
This collection consists of correspondence of Florence Laura Goodenough, professor emeritus of the Institute of Child Welfare at the University of Minnesota.

Repository: University of Minnesota Libraries. University of Minnesota Archives

Access and Use
Access Restrictions:

Items in this collection do not circulate and may be used in-house only.

Access Restrictions:

University Archives will make every attempt, in accordance with University and federal policies, to protect private information located within its holdings. In order to provide reasonable safeguards to limit incidental disclosures of private information, the Archives needs 24 hour retrieval notice to review materials that may contain restricted items. Restrictions, where applicable, are noted at the series or file levels in the description below.

Copyright:

Researchers may quote from the collection under the fair use provision of the copyright law (Title 17, U.S. Code). Requests to publish should be arranged with the University of Minnesota Archives.

Preferred Citation:

Florence Laura Goodenough papers, University Archives, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities.


Biographical Sketch of Florence L. Goodenough (1886-1959)

Florence Laura Goodenough, B.S. (1920), M.A. (1921) Columbia University, Ph.D. (1924) Stanford University. Chief psychologist, Minneapolis Child Guidance Clinic (1924-1925), assistant professor (1925-1928), associate professor (1928-1930), professor (1930-1947) Institute of Child Welfare at the University of Minnesota. Best known for her development of the Draw-A-Man Test, used as an index of a child's intelligence.

Florence Goodenough was born in Hoensdale, Pennsylvania on August 6, 1886. She received her B.A. in 1920, and her M.A. in 1921 from Columbia University, while simultaneously working as director of educational research in the New Jersey School system. In 1924, she received her Ph.D. from Stanford University, developing as her thesis, the Draw-A-Man Scale. While at Stanford, she served as a chief research assistant under Dr. Lewis Terman, known for his studies of gifted children.

After working with the Minneapolis Child Guidance Clinic from 1924-1925, Goodenough joined the staff of the newly formed Institute of Child Welfare at the University of Minnesota in 1925. She spent the remainder of her career at the Institute, where she advanced from assistant professor to professor, and due to a disability retired as Professor Emeritus in 1947. Goodenough is perhaps best known for her Draw-A-Man Test, used as an index of a child's intelligence. In addition, she wrote several texts, and numerous articles dealing with exceptional children and mental testing, among other things. Goodenough was president of the Society for Research in Child Development in 1946 and 1947, and held various positions in the American Psychological Association and the National Council of Women Psychologists. Upon her retirement, she moved to Lisbon, New Hampshire, becoming increasingly deaf and blind due to an earlier illness. On April 4, 1959, she died at her winter home in Lakeland, Florida.


Collection Scope and Content Note

This collection consists primarily of Florence Goodenough's personal professional correspondence from 1936-1959. The correspondence chiefly discusses publications and developments in the field of child welfare during the 1930s and 1940s, with many letters soliciting Goodenough's opinion. A smaller number of letters pertain to thesis work being done by graduate students under Goodenough. The bulk of the correspondence dates from 1936-1959; it constitutes most of the material available on Goodenough, with the exception of a few letters found in other collections at the University of Minnesota. Correspondence dating from 1936-1947 is of a professional nature, but does give some insight into Goodenough's character and interests, as well as to development in the field of child welfare.

One folder consists almost entirely of correspondence between Dr. Goodenough and Dale B. Harris who was associated with the Institute of Child Development from 1939-1959. It was written during the years of Goodenough's retirement until her death (1947-1959). The letters reflect Harris's collaboration with Goodenough on various projects, most notably a revision of the Draw-A-Man Test. Due in part to Miss Goodenough's failing eyesight and increased duties brought upon Dr. Harris when he became director of the Institute of Child Welfare (1954-1959), the revision entitled, Children's Drawings as Measures of Intellectual Maturity , was not completed until after Goodenough's death. Other topics of note in the correspondence are of a personal nature and discuss Goodenough's health and life in New Hampshire as well as Harris's family life, and University of Minnesota matters, especially concerning the Institute of Child Welfare and people that they knew in common.

Biographical information on Goodenough was primarily collected by Theta Wolf, a former student of Goodenough's, in preparation for an article in Notable American Women on Goodenough. Additional biographical information can be found in the University Archives' biographical file.

In 1942 Goodenough conducted a test taken by members of the Women's Army Auxiliary Corp known as the Speed of Association Test. The papers contain the raw data that was divided into three sections, based on the test takers' marital status (single, married, and divorced). Keys to the test consist of a Commonality Key, Leadership Key and M-F Key (Masculine-Feminine). See the Biography File of Florence Goodenough for a list of publications regarding the Speed of Association Test.

One folder contains material relating to a study conducted in 1929 by Goodenough of a blind and deaf child named Mabel Larson, to determine the emotional behavior of a child with these disabilities. The file contains mostly handwritten notes dated May 6-June 27, [1929], as well as medical and personal histories on Mabel Larson. This folder is restricted.

Outlines of lectures for courses given by Goodenough, that were found with the papers, have been placed in the Curriculum Collection (uarc 827).

Subject Terms
Index Terms
  • This collection is indexed under the following headings in the catalog of the University of Minnesota Libraries. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons or places should search the catalog using these headings.
Persons:
  • Booker, Ivan H.
  • Ford, Mary.
  • Goodenough, Florence Laura, 1886-1959 -- Archives.
  • Hollingsworth, Leta (Setter), 1886-1935.
  • James, Maud Merrill.
  • Koch, Helen Lois, 1895-
  • Larson, Mabel.
  • Maurer, Katharine Mather.
  • McCarthy, Dorothea.
  • Miles, Katharine.
  • Phillips, Lakin.
  • Shirley, Mary.
  • Smart, Russell Cook.
  • Stippich, Mary Elizabeth.
  • Terman, Lewis Madison, 1877-1956.
  • Tolman, Ruth.
  • Vincent, Elizabeth Lee, 1897-
  • Wolf, Theta Holmes, 1904-
Organizations:
  • University of Minnesota. Institute of Child Development.
Subjects:
  • Child welfare.
  • Goodenough Draw-A-Man Test.
  • Intelligence levels.
  • Intelligence tests.
Detailed Contents of Collection
 Location  Title
Box 1
Correspondence, 1936-1947. (6 folders)  Box 1
 
Letters to Theta Wolf, 1946-1947, 1969-1978.  Box 1
 
Correspondence between Dale Harris and Florence Goodenough, 1947-1959.  Box 1
 
Speed of Association Test, 1942. (6 folders)  Box 1
 
Commonality Key for Speed of Association Test, 1942. Box 1
 
Speed of Association Blank Tests, 1942. 
Note Tests that have been taken but not categorized.
 
Leadership Key Complete, 1942. 
 
Leadership Key Abbreviated form for Speed of Association Test, 1942. 
 
M-F Key Revised for Speed of Association Test, 1942. 
Box 1
Papers written by Florence Goodenough, undated. Box 1
 
Reprints of articles written by Florence Goodenough, circa 1925-1949. Box 1
 
Children's Drawings, 1927-1928. 
 
Lecture Notes, undated. 
Box 1
Mabel Larson Study, 1929.  Box 1
Note Folder restricted, not available for use.